The Autobiography of Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi, or Mahatma Gandhi


Autobiography of Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi

Let’s explore the autobiography of Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi! When it comes to the leading figures of our independence movement, one name indeed surpasses all. One face, one figure united this whole nation against the tyranny of the British Empire.

The name of that figure was Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi, who is known as Mahatma Gandhi in this country for his unflinching courage and sacrifice for the independence of India.

The people of this country were already tired of the tyranny of the British people. But they lacked the organization to bring about a revolution and carry this movement to victory. It was at this moment that a simple lawyer came into the front and made the whole nation united against the British Empire. But the most significant part of it all was that he dreamt of achieving independence, not by shedding blood through non-violence.

autobiography writing mohan das karamchand mahatma gandhi
Autobiography writing Mohan das Karamchand or Mahatma Gandhi

This radical yet revolutionary idea made him one of the most influential political figures of this country and around the world as well.

But how did it all start?

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the great freedom fighter, was born on nd October 1869 into a Gujarati Hindu Modh Bania family in Porbandar. This was actually a coastal area, and his father Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi served as the Dewan of the chief minister of Porbandar state. The name of her mother was Putlibai.

From an early age, Gandhi was engrossed with studies, and later in life, he went to London to study law. After that, he even traveled to South Africa as a civil rights activist. Little did he know back then that this trip to South Africa would change the course of his life forever!

It was during his stay here that he discovered the power in people and realized that violence could only give birth to more and perhaps a series of endless violence. However, if the power within people can be channelized appropriately, it can unite them to achieve more meaningful goals.

During his time in India as a freedom fighter, he led various movements against the British Raj right from the front. In an age where telecommunication was not there, and radio or newspapers were the only forms of media, Gandhiji managed to unite the people of this nation against the British Government. Such a feat is absolutely rare in the history of the world.

First, he came up with the Non-cooperation movement, which the British Empire from its roots. The modus operandi of this movement was so unique that the British Empire couldn’t do anything to stop it or prevent it from getting popular around the country.

He had also conducted the Dandi Abhijan and Quit India Movement. With so many different phases of life, it is challenging to write the autobiography of such a great personality. Hence, I am only referring to the most critical phases of his life.

The journey towards a free country….

I later came to know that I was born on 2nd October 1869. My family was a Gujarati Hindu Modh Bania family in Porbandar. My father used to be the Dewan of Porbandar. I believe it is now known as chief minister.

Although he had only elementary education, he was very hard working. He started his life as a clerk but later rose to the position of Dewan. His life and hard work had always inspired me, even when I was little. This was a lesson that I had carried even later in my life.

From an early age, I realized that we are not living in a free country. Everywhere it was evident. From hoisting the flag to singing the songs in school, I could feel that we could not do anything in our own way, there was nothing called the Indian way, but everything must be done in the British way! That was the custom. From an early age, this had troubled me greatly.

I often used to dream about a free country where I could speak in my own mother tongue and do everything in the Indian way and not how the British people were teaching us.

When I was little, I was very shy, and probably because of this shyness, I almost had no friends. But I never felt wrong about that. Frankly, I wasn’t really keen on sports at all. Thus, I used to stay separated from the rest of the boys of my age. But this gap was bridged by books.

From an early age, I fell in love with my studies. Books were my only companion, and I used to study extensively various books on philosophy and teachings of life. All that I had read at that point in life stayed with me throughout my life and helped me understand the world even better.

I got married at a young age as well. My wife was actually a year older than me, while my age was just thirteen. It was a joint event as some of my cousins got married as well. At the age of 16, I had lost my father, and at the same time, I had lost my first child.

These two incidents had left an incredible mark on my life and taught me the inevitability of death. Later in life, my wife Kasturba and I were blessed with four children.

Shortly after my father’s death, upon the advice of one of our relatives, I went to London to study law. This time period of my life was very significant as I learned the value of life and how important it is for every individual to know about his or her rights.

After my studies, I went to South Africa to work as a civil rights activist. This served as the first place for me to administrate my thoughts as a social activist as well. Automatically, I was included in their struggle against authority, and this is where I had first utilized the non-violence movement.

All through my life, I have learned that violence can only give birth to more and more violence and bloodshed. Hence, I united all the people there and urged them to peacefully lead the movement by not cooperating with the authority. This turned out to be really successful, and my faith in people in good was restored again. But around that time, it came to my notice that the situation in my own country was getting worse every day. The people of my country are suffering, and right now, what they need is a leader who can strategize the movement.

Upon the request of my friend Gopal Krishna Gokhale, I came to India and joined the National Congress. This allowed me to know all about the issues that my countrymen were facing. Needless to say, I understood very well that they are agitated against this tyranny, and they want nothing but freedom. But my job was to attack the roots of this empire.

I realized that the British Empire could not function here without the help of the native Indians. So, if they stop cooperating with the British Government, it is bound to have some effect throughout the country.

Thus, I came up with the non-cooperation movement. The idea spread like wildfire, and the British people realized how resilient we Indians were. They applied brute force on us, but still, they couldn’t make us do anything.

The modus operandi was simple, and the only condition was that one could not use violence against them.

On the grounds of political crime, the authorities had sent me to prison. But shortly after my release, I started my pursuit towards Swaraj again. This time, my followers and I decided to attack the wallets of the British Empire. Thus, I organized Salt March to Dandi from 12 March to 6 April. I was not alone as 78 volunteers accompanied me, and together we marched 388 kilometers (241 mi) from Ahmedabad to Dandi, Gujarat. The goal was to make salt from the water of the sea and declare our intention of breaking the salt laws.

I wanted especially the women of this country to participate in the salt tax campaigns and the boycott of all the foreign products. Just like I had imagined, this initiative gave many women new self-confidence and dignity in the mainstream of Indian public life.

The campaign was very successful as it really disturbed the British Government. They started arresting more and more people every day. Later around 1942, I realized that it was now time to uproot this regime from the soil of this country. Hence, with the dream of a free country, I declared the Quit India movement.

The common people greatly supported my declaration, and they never hesitated to sacrifice their lives to gain freedom.

Conclusion

Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi or Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on 30th January 1948 by a Hindu Nationalist named Nathuram Godse. It was one of the most tragic incidents in the history of this country.

However, his legacy still lives on even after 75 years of independence.

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