History of Chinese medicine and famous Chinese doctors in ancient times

Ancient Chinese traditional medicine is profound and has a long history. From the primitive period to the Ming and Qing dynasties, and even today, traditional Chinese medicine has been in the process of transmission and development, and even has a certain influence in overseas.

The 5,000-year history of Chinese civilization has also produced some of the most outstanding and famous doctors, which we will introduce to you.

The development of Chinese medicine in ancient China

Chinese medicine was first seen in primitive society, and its theory was initially formed in the Spring and Autumn and Warring States period. During the Tang and Song dynasties, Chinese medicine developed considerably, and some profound medical writings were even introduced to neighboring Japan, Goryeo, as well as Central and West Asia. The Song Dynasty even established the Hanlin College of Medicine, showing the importance the royal family attached to medicine.

Since the Jin-Yuan period, Chinese medicine has been in the process of transmission and development. Due to the importance of Chinese medicine, Mongolian medicine and Tibetan medicine have been influenced by it, and the theoretical ideas of Chinese medicine have become famous even in Japan, Koryo and Vietnam.

Introduction of famous Chinese doctors in ancient times

1. Huangdi

The Yellow Emperor was the head of a tribal alliance in ancient China. The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine, a traditional medical work in China, is also one of the earliest medical texts. In the Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine, there are “the doctrine of the five elements of yin and yang”, “the doctrine of pulse signs”, “the doctrine of hidden signs”, “the doctrine of meridians The “theory of the five elements of yin and yang”, “the theory of pulse signs”, “the theory of zangxiang”, “the theory of meridians”, “the theory of etiology”, etc. in the Yellow Emperor’s Internal Canon also play a very important role in today’s medical theory.

2. Bian Magpie

Bian Magpie, surnamed Qin, named Yueren, called Lu Doctor, was a native of Zheng (now Renqiu, Hebei) in Bohai County, and was a famous medical doctor during the Warring States period. He was a famous medical doctor during the Warring States period. He wrote the “Internal Classic of the Magpie” and the “External Classic”, which were lost early. He was especially good at diagnosing diseases by pulse diagnosis and visualization and was known as “the father of pulse science”.

3. Hua Tuo

Hua Tuo, also known as Shiki, was a native of Pei Guo (present-day Bozhou, Anhui Province) and a famous medical doctor at the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty. Hua Tuo was proficient in various medical disciplines, especially in surgery and anesthesia. Hua Tuo’s “Ma Bo San” was the first general anesthesia in the history of world medicine. In addition, he also invented the “Five Animal Play” to strengthen the body and was known as a “miracle doctor”.

4. Zhang Zhongjing

Zhang Zhongjing, named Ji, was a native of Xiangyang County (now Nanyang, Henan Province) and a famous medical doctor during the Eastern Han Dynasty. His work “Treatise on Typhoid and Miscellaneous Diseases” is one of the earliest classical works on theory, method, prescription and medicine in China. He had a profound understanding of the eight principles (yin and yang, appearance and lining, deficiency and reality, cold and heat), and his works were read by doctors of all generations, who respected him as the “Saint of Medicine”.

5. Sun Simiao

Sun Simiao was a native of Huayuan, Jingzhao (present-day Tongchuan Yaozhou District, Shaanxi Province). He was named “King of Medicine” for curing the headache of Empress Dowager Tang of the Tang Dynasty. Sun Simiao wrote the “Thousand Gold Formula” and created a classification system for diseases of the organs and internal organs, collected more than 5,000 prescriptions, and used evidence-based treatment.

6. Li Shizhen

Li Shizhen, called Dongbi, called Pinghu, was a native of Herb County (now Herbchun, Hubei), a famous medical doctor in Ming Dynasty. He wrote the “Compendium of Materia Medica”, which contains 1,758 kinds of medicines and has been translated into many languages. The Compendium of Materia Medica, a masterpiece in the history of Chinese medicine, is a summary of Chinese pharmacology before the Ming Dynasty

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