Types of Noun In English Grammar – Details


Types of nouns will be broadly described along with a lot of examples. This article consists of so many diagrams, images, and one animated video. I hope, you will enjoy it.

Let’s explore!

Types of Noun

Types of noun, the most interesting part of the noun. We have already learned that name of anything is a noun. It may be the name of people, places, things, actions, qualities, or ideas, etc.

So, there are various different type of names comes under noun. Hence, it is necessary to categorize for simplicity.

Now how do we classify nouns? Let’s check the kinds of nouns.

Nouns can be classified into different groups considering the followings:

  • Based on function
  • Based on countability
  • Based on gender
  • Based on the number
types of noun
Types of noun

We will see all kinds of nouns along with examples for basic understanding. However, refer to the below figures to see the types of noun at a glance:

Based on the function, nouns are categories into a total of five types.

Look at these five types of noun below,

types of noun function main
Types of noun function main

Based on the countability, nouns are categories into a total of two types, as follows, 

types of noun countability main
Types of noun countability main

Based on gender, nouns are categories into a total of four types, as follows,

types of noun gender based
Types of noun gender based

Based on the numbers, nouns are categories into two, as follows,

types of noun numbers main
Types of noun numbers main

What Are The Kinds of Noun Based on Function

There are five types of nouns based on function.

  • Proper Noun
  • Common Noun
  • Collective Noun
  • Concrete Noun
  • Abstract Noun

Check out our ANIMATED VIDEO!

Proper Noun Definitions – Proper Noun Examples

Description 

Proper means particular or specific and noun means name. Hence, Proper nounmeans a particular or a specific name. It refers to a single person, place, or thing and there will not be any common name of it.

For example, ”She is Riya and staying in Kolkata and love to spend time at Victoriya Memorial”. Here, the name of the person is Riya, the name of place is Kolkata and the name of thing is Victoria Memorial. These all are specific name and we call it proper nouns.

  • The name should be a proper or specific without any common name
  • Proper nouns always start with a capital letter

Examples

  • Minu
  • Riya
  • Dodo
  • Kolkata
  • India
  • Victoria
  • London
  • Paris
  • Mount Everest
  • Ganges river, etc. 

Explanation

ExamplesExplanation
Lina and Rima are friendsLina and Rima both are the names of persons, hence, these are proper nouns.
I am staying in LondonLondon is the name of a city, hence, it is a proper noun. 
Sourav Ganguly is a famous cricketerSourav Ganguly is the name of a person, hence, Saurav Ganguly is a proper noun. 

What is Common Noun? Common Noun Examples

Description

Names of people, places, or things in general, are known as common nouns. A student can make a good result if they study well.

Here, a student means a general name and we can not identify any particular name.

Hence, it is a common noun. 

Examples

  • student
  • brother
  • sister
  • teacher 
  • book
  • pen
  • pencil
  • school
  • city
  • village
  • town, etc. 

Explanation

ExamplesExplanation
Teachers make the basic foundation of a childTeachers and students both are common names since the name of the teacher or student is not known from these common terms. Hence, these are common nouns.
I am staying in a cityThe city is a common name of a place, it can be any city, hence, it is a common noun.
I have a dog at my houseDog and house both are common names, the name of the dog is not specified or the house number is also not specified, hence, these are common nouns.

What is Collective Noun? Examples

Description

‘Collective’ comes from the word ‘collection’. Collective noun means a group or a collection of people or animals or things. Our team played well in the match. Here, the team means a group of players, so, it is a collective noun and one of the important types of noun.

Examples

  • team (a group of players)
  • class (a group of students)
  • family (a group of members)
  • herd ( a group of cattle)
  • pride (a group of lions)
  • pack (a group of wolves)
  • cabinet (a group of ministers) 
  • flock (a group of birds)
  • shoal (a group of fishes)
  • army (a group of soldiers), etc

Explanation

ExamplesExplanation
I love my familyFamily means a group of people, hence, the family is a collective noun.
Station has fewer crowdsCrowds mean a group of persons, hence, it is a collective noun.

What is Concrete Nouns? Examples 

Description

Concrete nouns are the name of people or things which exist physically and can be seen, touched, smelled, felt, heard, or tasted. 

Examples

  • person
  • table
  • chair
  • book
  • pen
  • dog
  • car
  • mobile phone
  • computer
  • mirror

Explanation

ExamplesExplanation
What is the longest river in the world?River means physical existence, the world means physical existence, hence, river and world are concrete nouns.
House is made of brickHouse and brick both have a physical existence, hence, both are concrete nouns.
I have a very nice photographThe photograph has physical existence, we can see it, hence, it is a concrete noun.

What is Abstract Noun? Examples

Description

Abstract nouns refer to different qualities, ideas, feelings, conditions, concepts, emotions etc. which has no physical existence. We can’t see, taste, touch, smell, or hear but it is there.

Examples

  • truth
  • courage
  • friendship
  • lies
  • happiness
  • sorrow
  • time
  • humor
  • patriotism
  • danger
  • truth etc.

Explanation

ExamplesExplanation
Lina has great strengthStrength is a quality, which doesn’t have a physical existence, hence, it is an abstract noun.
She has an incredible love for poor peopleLove is a feeling, hence, it is an abstract noun.
Determination can change a lifeDetermination is a quality, hence, it is an abstract noun. 

What Are The Types Of Noun Based on Numbers

There are two types of nouns based on countability:

  • Countable Noun
  • Uncountable Noun
types of noun countable noun
Types of noun countable noun

Countable Noun -What Is Countable Nouns?

Description

‘Countable’ means which can be counted. So, a countable noun means the noun which can be counted.

  • We can use articles i.e. ‘a’, ‘an’, ‘the’ with countable nouns
  • Countable nouns have singular and plural forms.
  • A determiner should be placed in front of singular countable noun. These determiner can be ‘a’, ‘an’, ‘the’, ‘this’, ‘that’, ‘our’, ‘my’, ‘one’, and ‘which’.
  • Common nouns and concrete nouns can be countable. 

For example,

  • The tigers are playing. 
  • My Bicycle is nice.

Examples

  • book
  • pen
  • mobile
  • boy
  • girl
  • dog
  • person
  • table,
  • chair
  • Calculator etc.

Explanation

ExamplesExplanation
Rima has five booksBooks can be counted easily, here, five books. Hence, the book is a countable noun. 
She has two dogsThe dog can be counted easily, hence, the dog is a countable noun.
I saw two birds sitting on the towerBirds can be counted easily, here, it is two. Hence, the bird is a countable noun. 

Uncountable Nouns  – What is Uncountable Nouns?

Description

‘Uncountable’ means which can not be counted. Hence, the nouns which can not be counted are called uncountable nouns.

  • Articles a, an, can not be used with countable nouns
  • Uncountable nouns are always singular forms.
  • Abstract nouns and proper nouns are always uncountable nouns.
  • Common nouns and concrete nouns can be uncountable nouns.
  • Few quantifiers can be used in case of uncountable nouns, such as: ‘any’, ‘a lot’, ‘some’, and ‘too much’, etc. For example;
  • She got a lot of happiness on her birthday.
  • A lot of water is coming from the tank. 
  • Do you have any salt in the kitchen?

Examples 

  • water
  • rice
  • sugar
  • milk
  • oil
  • jam
  • salt
  • sand
  • happiness
  • freedom etc.

Explanation

ExamplesExplanation
I eat rice at dinnerRice can not be counted. Although small grains can be counted it is not feasible. Hence, it is an uncountable noun.
Everyone should drink 3-4 liter water every dayWe can count the numbers of water bottles or buckets but not the water. Hence, water is an uncountable noun.  

What Are The Types Of Noun Based on Genders

There are four types of nouns based on gender: 

  • Masculine Noun
  • Feminine Noun
  • Common Nouns
  • Neuter Noun
types of noun countable noun
Types of noun countable noun

Masculine Noun – What is Masculine Noun With Examples

Description

‘Masculine’ refers to a male. Hence, Masculine Gender refers to male beings. It may be boys, men, and male animals etc.

Examples

  • Boy
  • Man
  • Brother
  • Father
  • Uncle
  • Actor
  • Prince
  • Husband
  • King
  • Bull

Explanation

ExamplesExplanation
Rabi is my best friendRabi is the name of a male. Hence, Rabi is a Masculine Noun.
Boys helped a street dog for treatmentBoys mean a group of male beings. Hence, ‘boy’ is a Masculine Noun.
Brothers are always favored their sistersBrothers mean the name of a male being. Hence, ‘brother’ is a Masculine Noun.

Feminine Noun – What Is Feminine Noun with Examples

Description

‘Feminine’ refers to females. Hence, feminine Gender refers to female beings. It may be girls, women, mother, and female animals, etc.

Examples

  • Girl
  • Women
  • Sister
  • Mother
  • Aunt
  • Actress
  • Princess
  • Wife
  • Queen
  • Cow

Explanation

ExamplesExplanation
Rimi is my favorite actressRimi is a female being and actress also refer to a female person. Hence, Rimi and actress both are feminine Nouns
Girls are very serious about their studiesGirls mean a group of female beings. Hence, ‘girl’ is a Feminine Noun. 
Allsisters love their brother very muchSisters mean the name of a female being. Hence, ‘sister’ is a Feminine Noun. 

Common Gender Noun – What Is Common Gender Noun with Examples

Description

‘Common gender noun’ refers to both male or female. Hence, a common noun means both male or female gender nouns. It may teacher, students, singers, and animals etc.

Examples

  • Students
  • Teacher
  • Bird
  • Artist
  • Speaker
  • Doctor
  • Friend
  • Teenager
  • Cousin
  • Colleague

Explanation

ExamplesExplanation
Students are the pillar of a societyStudents mean it may be male or female. Hence, Students means common Noun.
Doctors are dedicatedly working to save the lifeDoctors may be male or female. Hence, ‘doctors’ is a Common Noun.
Indians have created a history in artIndians may be male or female being. Hence, ‘Indians’ is a Common Noun.

Neuter Noun – What Is Neuter Noun with Examples?

Description

‘Neuter’ refers to neither male nor female. Hence, Neuter Noun means nouns which is not male or female beings. It may be apple, mobile, chair, etc

Examples

  • Pen
  • Pencil
  • Book
  • Tree
  • Water
  • Sand
  • Star
  • Sun
  • House
  • Car

Explanation

ExamplesExplanation
Pen and pencil can stop the warPen and pencil are the nouns that neither male nor female. Hence, a pen and pencil are Neuter Nouns.
Kolkata is a beautiful cityKolkata is the name of a city and it is neither male nor female. Hence, ‘Kolkata’ is a Neuter Noun.
Sun gives light and we see around usSun is a noun and it is neither male nor female. Hence, ‘Sun’ is a Neuter Noun.

What Are The Types Of Noun Based on Numbers

There are two types of nouns based on numbers: 

  • Singular Noun
  • Plural Noun
types of noun countable noun
Types of noun countable noun

Singular Nouns

Description

‘Singular’ word came from single. The singular noun means a single person or place or thing. It may be a ball, a pen, a calculator, etc

Examples

  • Boy
  • Girl
  • Tree
  • Book
  • Pen
  • Table
  • Chair
  • Car
  • Mobile
  • Cup

Explanation

ExamplesExplanation
A boy jumped in the water to save a girlBoy and girl both are single number i.e. a boy and a girl. Hence, boys and girls are Singular Nouns.
The tree is the best friend of oursTree means a single number i.e. a tree. Hence, the tree is a Singular Noun.
The book is the best guide in our life.Book is a noun and here it is a single book. Hence, the ‘book’ is a Singular Noun.

Plural Nouns

Description

The plural noun refers to more than one person, place, or thing.

Examples

  • Boys
  • Girls
  • Trees
  • Books
  • Pens
  • Tables
  • Chairs
  • Cars
  • Mobiles
  • Cups

Explanation

ExamplesExplanation
Boys are playing cricket in the fieldBoys mean more than one person i.e. two or more. Hence, boys mean Plural Noun.
Trees have lifeTrees mean more than one. Hence, ‘trees’ is a Plural Noun.
Books are the best guide of our lifeBook is a noun and here it is a single book. Hence, the ‘book’ is a Singular Noun.

Conclusion

Hence, we have learned types of noun along with a lot of examples. 

There are few rules of plural nouns, which we will learn later on. 

Further Study

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What is preposition

What Is Collective Noun

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Rules to use Preposition ON

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