Parts of speech are total 8 numbers and all are described along with basics, different types, explanations, charts, list along with a lot of examples. Let’s start parts of speech!
Basics to the Parts of Speech, 8 Nos
Parts of Speech Basics
Parts of speech are perhaps one of the fundamental aspects of English grammar. If you consider them minutely, you will realize the role they play in our daily conversation.
- As a matter of fact, they help you with the construction and expressions.
- Without a clear understanding of the parts of speech, constructing sentences will not be an easy job.
The name “parts of speech” came from the fact that they play different parts in our speech, and their meaning and role change with time.
Definition of Parts of Speech
Parts of speech is defined as a summation of 8 categories like noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, interjection in English Grammar to form a correct sentence.
Parts of Speech List
So, how many parts of speech are there? Do you have any idea!
There are eight parts of speech in the English language:
- Conjunction, and
But what are their roles? In this post, I will be listing all the functions of every single one of them. Let’s take a look at them.
Description of Parts of Speech with Examples
Noun Parts of Speech
The first parts of speech is a noun that refers to a name, thing, or a person, both living and dead or non-living things.
- It can refer to inanimate objects as well.
- Nouns can also refer to an idea.
- They are often used with articles (a, an, the) but not all the time.
For example, Proper nouns always begin with a capital letter, and this goes for every name, be it person, things, cities, states, or even monuments.
They can work as both,
- concrete, or
You can also use the ‘s’ with an apostrophe to indicate possession of that noun. In a sentence, construction-wise, they can be either used as the subject, object, or even complement. It all depends on the context of the sentence. Some of the examples using nouns can be:
- John Williams is our headmaster.
- The Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders in the world.
- The Quantum String Theory is yet to be fully realized by many.
- Delhi is the capital of India.
- Ten mangoes for hundred rupees seem like a fair deal.
Pronoun Parts of Speech
To put it simply, a pronoun is a word that replaces the noun or is sometimes used instead of the noun when it is required to place multiple times. This can be very easily seen while referring to a person in a sentence or a paragraph. Much like nouns, the role of pronouns also changes with the change of context. Apart from substituting nouns, they sometimes assume the role of,
- personal pronouns to indicate a person or living things,
- reflexive pronouns to introduce a subordinate clause,
- possessive pronouns to indicate the possession of something, and
- demonstrative pronouns to refer to another noun.
Some of the examples of this kind can be:
- His pen is now mine.
- Rahul is my friend. He is the topper of our class.
- Rahul, who is the topper of our class, is my friend.
- It changes its color whenever required.
Verb Parts of Speech
Next, we have verbs that is one of the most important of parts of speech. In English Grammar, verbs are nothing, but the action carried out by the subject of the sentence.
- Based on their use and forms, verbs can be divided into several categories.
- They are primarily divided into two major categories: main verb or principal verb and subordinate verb or auxiliary verbs.
From the name itself, you can understand that main verbs are the ones that define,
- the tense of the sentence and change with the tense, and
- auxiliary verbs are the ones that qualify the main verb and
- determines the tense of the action in case the main verb turns out to be a non-finite verb.
At times they can also be classified into,
- finite verbs,
- non-finite verbs,
- transitive verbs, and
- intransitive verbs.
Also, keep in mind that verbs need to agree with the subject of the sentence both in terms of number and gender. Some of the examples can be:
- John is playing the guitar.
- They have finished the work quite early.
- They are flying kites in the field.
- The birds used to sing every morning.
Adjective Parts of Speech
Adjectives are the ones that modify nouns or pronouns and tell us what they are, how they look like, and even describe them. Like when you take a noun, for example, “A beautiful rose”. Here, the word “beautiful” is the adjective that tells us exactly how the flower looks like. In this same way, adjectives can modify the pronouns as well.
Like for example, “He is looking very tired today”. Here, the word “tired” qualifies him and tells us his current physical state.
- The sun is blazing.
- The wind is quite strong today.
- The red building is our new office.
Adverb Parts of Speech
An adverb is the parts of speech, which can qualify an adjective, a verb, and another adverb. This usually modifies them and gives us answers about,
- under what conditions, or
- to what degree.
Usually, the adverbs are ended with ‘ly’. Some of the examples are:
- They completed all their work quickly.
- He called me unexpectedly that day.
- Rahul strongly argued against the motion.
There are so many parts of speech worksheet available on the internet.
Preposition Parts of Speech
Prepositions can be defined as the words that sit before a noun or pronoun and form a phrase. Moreover, they offer some added context to the whole sentence as well. Like prepositions can help you understand the place where the action is taking place and even form a prepositional phrase. This phrase can sometimes work like an adjective or an adverb. Some examples can be:
- There lies the man who came from the cold.
- He is getting birthday wishes from the president himself.
- They are having a party at the office.
Conjunction Parts of Speech
Conjunctions are the joining words that help join two separate clauses or ideas. Some examples of conjunctions are,
Few sentence examples are listed,
- Jimmie and I used to play together in a band.
- He passed the exam but failed in life.
Interjection Parts of Speech
Lastly, interjections are the word that we use to express our emotions like joy, sadness, anger, or irritation. Some examples can be:
- Hurrah! We won the match.
- Darn! He failed again.
- Alas! He is very poor.
Parts of Speech Chart
As a summary, parts of speech are tabulated below for easy understanding,
|Part of speech||Function||Examples||Sentence Examples|
|Noun||Name of anything||Ram, Raju, Book, Cup, Tree, Kolkata, etc.||Ram is a nice person. I have a book.|
|Pronoun||Used in the place of a noun||I, me, we, she, he, some, etc.||Manisha went to Delhi; she will come tomorrow. Raju is a brave boy, he helps everyone.|
|Verb||action carried out by the subject||Read, write, speak, work, run||Rohan is reading. Writing helps to improve our skills.|
|Adjective||Modify nouns or pronoun||Nice, small, big, large||She has a nice pencil. Rony has a large bucket.|
|Adverb||To qualify an adjective, a verb, and sometimes an adverb||Carefully, quickly, generally||She handled the matter carefully. Generally, Rumi uses to walk for 1 hr every day.|
|Preposition||Connect noun or pronoun to another word||At, on, in, to, from||Reema went to Kolkata yesterday. I am coming from my hometown.|
|Conjunction||joins two separate clauses or ideas.||and, so, or, but||Geeta and Rima are friends. Would you like to take tea or coffee?|
|Interjection||short exclamation to express our emotions||oh! Hurrah! hi! Hi!||Hi! What are you doing here? Hurrah! We won the match.|
So, there you go, the complete list of parts of speech along with their examples to learn English properly. Should you have any further queries, feel free to reach out to us. Refer to our most interesting articles