Let’s learn Past Tense Verbs!
Past tense verbs along with past perfect tense are well explained with definitions, explanations, and a lot of examples. There are several examples for your better understanding, along with the definition, rules of use, and syntax. Let’s get into the article!
According to the rules of English Grammar, there are four types of past tense in use. As you already know, past tense and past tense verbs are used to denote an action that is completed in the past.
Having a sound knowledge about this tense is very important since it helps us describe:
In this post, we are going to examine these four types of the verb in detail with relevant examples for better understanding. So, let’s take a look at them one by one.
There are four types of past tense verbs, namely
Now, we are going to examine each of these verb tenses, coupled with a few examples for each one of them. But keep in mind, just knowing the concept and the usage is not enough.
You need to apply the knowledge in your day-to-day conversation.
Language can be best practiced with a partner. So after you study the following concepts just find a partner and keep on practicing.
There are several examples for each type of present tenses. We will see many examples with all types of past tenses. So, let’s get started.
The first part is the simple past. Most of the time, this past tense is formed by adding -ed’ to the infinitive form of the verb.
For example: to play becomes ——> I/you/he/she/it/we/they played).
[Here, play —> played]
But there are a few exceptions to this as well. Like for example, ‘to eat’ does not take ‘ed’ to become simple past tense.
Also, with this form, you won’t need a verb modifier like to have or to be like you need to use for some of the other past tense verb forms discussed below.
Primarily, there are two reasons for which you can use the simple past verb tense. It describes –
At times, this tense can take on some adverb time modifiers to describe the stretch of time. Like, how far in the past, the action, situation (or emotion) occurred.
Let’s understand this idea with a few examples:
So as you can see here, the adverb is qualifying the time frame of the action.
Subject + Verb 2nd form + Object
I played football
Here, I (Subject) + played (2nd Form for Verb) + football (Object)
Let’s look at a few other examples that illustrate this tense:
The next tense we have is the past continuous progressive which is also known as the past progressive verb tense.
If we look at the example mentioned above, we can understand that the subject of the sentence is not dancing in the present. The action started in the past and has continued.
Instead of just stopping the dance and doing some other activity, the action continued; at least that’s what the tense is suggesting.
But what if you wish to remove this vagueness? Then you would have to use a time-frame for the past progressive tense.
For that, you can use a time-based adverb to clarify the situation. But that will turn it into past perfect progressive tense.
I had been teaching his son every Saturday since last week.
Subject + was/were + verb + ing + object
I was playing football
Here, I (Subject) + was + play (verb) + ing + football (Object)
But now, let’s look at a few other examples that illustrate the use of past progressive tense.
The next one we have is the past perfect, where the verb forms often take another verb to modify the primary action. Keep in mind that in this tense, the past form of the verb ‘to have’ tends to precede the simple past verb tense. Confusing?
Let’s look at one example.
Primarily there are two reasons to use this tense form:
Subject + had + verb 3rd form + object
I had played football
Here, I (Subject) + had + played [verb 3rd form] + football (Object)
Let’s look at some examples that illustrate this tense:
The last tense is the past perfect continuous tense, which is also referred to as the past perfect progressive tense. The past perfect tense is formed using the past participle form of the verb ‘to have’ as the auxiliary verb along with the continuous of the main verb.
But much like present perfect continuous tense, here also, you need to use ‘been’.
For example: John had been talking for hours.
Where can you use this tense?
Subject + had + been + verb + ing + object
I had been playing football
Here, I (Subject) + had + been + play (verb) + ing + football (Object)
Let’s look at a few other examples:
Usually compared to the present tense, we use ‘Didn’t’ to turn the past sentences into negative sentences. This same rule is implied for both regular and irregular verbs in English except for the modals.
Always remember that the negative sentence will only be denoted by the auxiliary verbs in the past tense.
Usually, we use ‘did’ to make the sentence into an interrogative one in the past tense. This rule is the same for both regular and irregular verbs in English except for the modal verbs like ‘Can’.
Always remember, it’s the auxiliary verb that makes the sentence interrogative.
Also, instead of ‘DO’ or ‘DOES’, we use ‘Didn’t’ in past tense questions.
I believe, after reading the above discussion on the use of the past tenses, you now have a solid understanding of the various forms of past tense. The best way to judge your knowledge is to start,
Start reading stuff like Wikipedia and see if you can identify the use of the tense and the verb forms.
You can check worksheets of past tense verbs for practice.
Let’s us try to find out a list of past tense verbs used in our daily life:
|Past tense lay||Laid|
|Past tense see||Saw|
|Past tense seek||Sought|
|Past tense bite||Bit|
|Past tense wear||Weared / Wore|
|Past tense buy||Bought|
|Past tense think||Thought|
|Past tense rise||Rose|
|Past tense of ride||Rode|
|Past tense drink||Drunk|
|Past tense of buy||Bought|
|Past tense of fly||Flew|
|Past tense eat||Ate|
|Past tense hear||Heard|
|Past tense of run||Ran|
|Past tense hide||Hid|
|Past tense throw||Threw|
|Past tense run||Ran|
|Past tense go||Went|
|Past tense of swim||Swam|
|Past tense sing||Sang|
|Past tense catch||Caught|
|Past tense hit||Hit|
|Past tense leave||Left|
|Past tense of be||Was|
|Past tense cost||Cost / Costed|
|Past tense beat||Beat|
|Past tense lose||Lost|
|Past tense hurt||Hurt|
|Past tense learn||Learned|
|Past tense cut||Cut|
|Past tense put||Put|
|Past tense take||Took|
|Past tense have||Had|
|Past tense bear||Borne|
|Past tense build||Built|
|Past tense write||Wrote|
|Past tense ring||Rang|
|Past tense quit||Quit / Quitted|
|Past tense grind||Ground / grinded|
|Past tense add||Added|
|Past tense begin||Began|
|Past tense sleep||Slept|
|Past tense give||Gave|
|Past tense hold||Held|
|Past tense pay||Paid|
|Past tense do||Did|
|Past tense make||Made|
|Past tense come||Came|
|Past tense break||Broke|
|Past tense keep||Kept|
|Past tense get||Got|
|Past tense arise||Arose|
|Past tense blow||Blew|
|Past tense are||Broke|
|Past tense talk||Were|
|Past tense play||Played|
|Past tense grow||Grew|
|Past tense become||Became|
Let us know your questions on the different forms of past tense verbs and their uses in the comments section, and we’ll indeed get back to you with befitting examples.