Let’s welcome to Present Tense!
Present tense verbs along with present perfect tense are well explained with definitions, explanations, and a lot of examples. There are several examples for your better understanding, along with the definition, rules of use, and syntax.
Let’s get into the article!
We have already learned that there are three different types of tenses in the English Language. They are mainly divided based on the time of the action.
Chronologically, it should be,
Now, what is the present tense?
The present tense is defined as a form of tense in English grammar that expresses the state or any action in the present time.
Now, each of them has four subcategories that denote the different time-frames in which the action has taken place.
In this post, I will be focusing on only the four categories of the present tense.
- Simple Present/Present Indefinite tense
- Present Continuous Tense
- Present Perfect Tense
- Present Perfect Continuous Tense
There are several examples for each type of present tenses.
So, let’s get started.
Simple present tense, as the name suggests, describes an action or event, or phenomenon that is happening in the present moment. Also, at the same time, you can use this tense to denote some everyday habit or some action that happens on a daily basis.
Now, where do we use or when to use, or what are the basic rules of simple present tense? Well, typically, we can use the simple present tense in the following basic four cases:
You need to understand that this tense is mostly used towards the present participles rather than to talk about an action that is performed by the subject in the present.
Also, the first person, second person, and third-person plural regular verbs are very much straightforward. They are just like the infinitive form of the verb most of the time.
But with the third person singular person, there are a few rules that you need to keep in mind. I guess with some practice, you can easily memorize them.
The simple present follows a simple syntax where the verb stays in the first form or the base form. It can use the ‘Be Verb’ like am/is/ are, or it can use other verbs for that matter, but regardless of the verb, the form used will always be the first form or the base form.
Like for affirmative sentences the syntax can be:
For negative sentences, the syntax can be:
For interrogative sentences the syntax can be:
The syntax can change a bit for other verbs, but the verb form will be the same.
Let’s look at a few other examples of this tense:
Check a NICE ANIMATED video from LearEasyEnglish!
Just like the name suggests, the present continuous is primarily used to denote an action taking place right now in the present context. This is one of the most common tenses to be used in the English language.
In English grammar, present continuous tense is also known as present progressive tense, as progressive implies continuous. Apart from describing an action that is happening in the present moment, it can also denote the actions that might take place in the near future.
Let’s try to understand the use of this tense? Well, this tense can be used in the four general cases:
As I have said earlier, this tense uses two different verbs where the auxiliary verbs are nothing but the present form of the ‘Be Verb’. The main verb, on the other hand, will always use the ‘ing’ form. These verbs can also sometimes use adverb modifiers to talk about the time duration of an activity that is going to continue in the future (E.g., in one hour’, this Fall’).
On top of that, they are also frequently found in the context of using dynamic verbs that can describe,
The Syntax can be:
Let’s look at a few examples of this tense:
You can check a lot of worksheets for present tense verbs.
Perfect tense often scares most of the speakers, as it seems a bit complicated at first glance. But in reality, if you understand the basic rules of the tense, it can be downright simple. Usually, it is used to describe an action that started in the past but has continued into the present.
Moreover, although the action is already finished, the effect is very much alive and relevant.
The tense can be used to denote:
The syntax can be:
Some examples can be:
Lastly, we have the present perfect continuous verb, also known as the present perfect progressive. We can use it to describe an action that first started in the past and is still happening in the present. It can also refer to an action that is still relevant in the context of other things happening in the present.
It can be typically used in two cases:
The syntax can be:
Some examples of this tense form are:
Let’s see few present tense examples, in tabulated forms:
|Different type of Present Tenses||Examples||Uses|
|Present tense simple||
||Use to describe normal facts, or to tell a story, scheduled events,|
|Present continuous tense||
||Use to describe an ongoing work or events or action.|
|Present perfect tense||
||Use to describe an action that started in the past but has continued in the present as well.|
|Present Perfect continuous tense||
||We can use these tenses to describe an action that first started in the past and is still happening in the present.|
So there you have it, a detailed discussion on all the four categories of the present tenses. Should you have any further questions on the use of this tense, feel free to mention them in the comment section below!