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Singular Nouns & Plural Nouns – Examples, Rules & List – Studywindows – A Simple Educational Blog for Children

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Singular Nouns & Plural Nouns – Examples, Rules & List

Let’s learn Singular Nouns & Plural Nouns!

Singular Nouns & Plural Nouns – Examples, Rules & List

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Singular nouns and plural nouns are explained along with the definition, a lot of examples, plural noun rules, lists, etc.

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Singular Nouns and Plural Nouns

Let’s explore Singular Nouns and Plural nouns! We have already learned singular implies single and it means only one. It may be one person, one animal, one place, one thing, or one idea, or anything which is only one number.

Plural means it is more than one. It may be two or more. Like two persons, two cows or two cities, etc.

When the noun consists of a single number it is a singular noun and for more than one it is a plural noun. In many cases, we add ‘s’ or ‘es’ with singular nouns to make plural nouns.

  • Like the plural noun of ‘cow’  is ‘cows’
  • The plural noun of ‘cat’ is ‘cats’
singular nouns plural nouns
Singular nouns plural nouns

But in many cases, there are no rules followed when we make plural nouns.

For examples,

  • The man changed into men
  • Sheep don’t change, it means the plural of sheep will be sheep only.

These are known as irregular plurals or irregular plural nouns.

Singular Noun Definition and Examples of Singular Noun

Singular Noun Definition

When a noun consists of only one number, this noun is known as a singular noun.

Singular Noun Examples

  • One no of tiger
  • One no of computer
  • One no of pen
  • One no of horse
  • One no of mobile
singular nouns
Singular nouns

Sentence Examples

  • The tiger was very hungry and run behind a bull
  • I have one computer
  • Rimi has a pen in her bag
  • We have one dog, one horse, and one cat
  • I have got an idea
  • She is typing on a mobile

Singular Countable Nouns

We know, if any noun can be counted it is a countable noun. Noun, when we talk about one person or animal or place or thing or idea, we will call it a singular countable noun.

There are lots of singular countable noun in our daily life, few are cited,

  • Rumi
  • bird
  • computer
  • mobile
  • apple
  • bus
  • pen
  • book

Check out our ANIMATED VIDEO!

Plural Nouns  & Examples

Plural Nouns

Reba went to the zoo yesterday and she has seen five giraffes, two crocodiles, 3 tigers, 6 foxes, and many birds. If you observe, she has seen more than two giraffes, tigers, foxes, and birds. Hence, these numbers are more than two and are known as a plural noun.

  • Two or more than two tiger = tigers
  • Two or more than two giraffe = giraffes
  • Two or more than two fox = foxes
  • Two or more than two bird = birds
plural nouns
Plural nouns

Here, tigers are plural nouns of tiger, giraffes are plural nouns of giraffe, birds are plural nouns of bird, and so on. Hence, tigers, giraffes, foxes, and birds, etc. are plural nouns.

Now, look at all examples, what we did here? We simply, add ‘s’ or ‘es’ at the end of the word and changed the singular noun into a plural noun. These plurals are normal plural nouns or regular plural nouns.

When plural nouns are not based on specific rules, irregular plural nouns are formed.

Refer to our interesting articles, 100 Irregular Plural Noun List

Examples of plural noun

Thee are thousands of plural nouns used in our daily life, few of them are listed for examples,

  • Two or more no of tiger   = tigers
  • Two or more no of computer   = computers
  • Two or more no of pen = pens
  • Two or more no of horse = houses
  • Two or more no of mobile = mobiles

Sentence examples

The following sentences contain plural noun examples.

  • The boys are enjoying the game.
  • We have many chocolates for girls.
  • Tina has two bags
  • We have seen two tigers fighting in the zoo.
  • Ideas can change our life

Singular and Plural Noun Rules

Rule#1: When we make a plural form of a regular noun, simply add ‘s’ or ‘es’ at the end.

There are a lot of regular nouns in English Grammar we use in our daily life and we will simply add it to make plural nouns.

Add ‘s’

Singular Plural Remarks
anaconda anacondas s’ is added at the end of anaconda
apple apples s’ is added at the end of apple
bat bats s’ is added at the end of bat
ball balls s’ is added at the end of ball
bell bells s’ is added at the end of bell
boat boats s’ is added at the end of boat
car cars s’ is added at the end of car
camel camels s’ is added at the end of camel
cat cats s’ is added at the end of cat
computer computers s’ is added at the end of computer
container containers s’ is added at the end of container
cup cups s’ is added at the end of cup
dog dogs s’ is added at the end of dog
egg eggs s’ is added at the end of egg
elephant elephants s’ is added at the end of elephant
horse horses s’ is added at the end of horse
house houses s’ is added at the end of house
idea ideas s’ is added at the end of idea
insect insects s’ is added at the end of insect
lamp lamps s’ is added at the end of lamp
mug mugs s’ is added at the end of mug
plate plates s’ is added at the end of plate
river rivers s’ is added at the end of river
train trains s’ is added at the end of train
tram trams s’ is added at the end of tram
tree trees s’ is added at the end of tree
window windows s’ is added at the end of window
plural noun with s
Plural noun with s

Rule#2 If any singular noun ends with ‘s’, ‘ss’, ‘ch’, ‘sh’, add ‘es’ to the end to make it plural.

There are a lot of regular nouns end with ‘s’, ‘ss’, ‘sh’, etc. in English Grammar we use in our daily life and we will simply add it to make plural nouns.

Singular Plural Remarks
bus buses bus ends with ‘s’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
church churches church ends with ‘ch’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
address addresses address ends with ‘ss’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
class classes class ends with ‘ss’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
brush brushes brush ends with ‘sh’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
arch arches address ends with ‘ss’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
branch branches address ends with ‘ss’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
flash flashes flash ends with ‘sh’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
dish dishes dish ends with ‘sh’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
dress dresses dress ends with ‘ss’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
Plural noun with es
Plural noun with es

Rule#3 If any singular noun ends with ‘ch’, and sounds like k, add ‘s’ instead of ‘es’ to the end to make it plural.

Singular Plural Remarks
stomach stomachs ch’ in stomach sounds ‘k’, hence, only ‘s’ will be added at the end instead of ‘es’
monarch monarchs
plural noun with monarch
Plural noun with monarch

Rule#4 If any singular noun ends with ‘x’, or ‘z’, add ‘es’ to the end to make it plural.

Singular Plural Remarks
blitz blitzes blitz ends with ‘z’, hence, ‘es’ will be added at the end
box boxes box ends with ‘x’, hence, ‘es’ will be added at the end
buzz buzzes
fox foxes
tax taxes
plural noun with s x
Plural noun with s x

Rule#5 Few singular nouns ending with ‘s’ or ‘z’, require doubling this s or z before adding ‘es’ to make irregular plurals.

Singular Plural Remarks
fez fezzes fez ends with ‘z’, here, z doubles, and ‘es’ is added.
gas gasses

Rule#6: When the singular noun is ending with a consonant ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’ there is no vowel, then to make the plural, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and add es.

Singular Plural Remarks
puppy puppies puppy ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘I’ and ‘es’ is added in puppies
baby babies baby ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘es’ is added in babies
sky skies sky ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘es’ is added in skies
library libraries library ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘es’ is added in libraies
spy spies spy ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘es’ is added in spies
enemy enemies enemy ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘es’ is added in enemies
berry berries berry ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘es’ is added in berries
university universities university ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘es’ is added in universities
lobby lobbies lobby ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘es’ is added in lobbies
fly flies baby ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘es’ is added in babies
candy candies ies’ is modified in candies
lady ladies ies’ is modified in ladies
city cities ies’ is modified in cities
country countries ies’ is modified in countries
nappy nappies ies’ is modified in nappies
dairy dairies ies’ is modified in dairies
daisy daisies ies’ is modified in daisies
dictionary dictionaries ies’ is modified in dictionaries
plural noun with ies
Plural noun with ies

Rule#7: When a singular noun is ending with a consonant ‘y’ and prior to y, there is a vowel, then after ‘y’ need to add ‘s’ only.

Singular Plural Remarks
alloy alloys alloy ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, there is a vowel ‘o’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in alloys
boy boys boy ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, there is a vowel ‘o’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in boys
day days day ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, there is a vowel ‘a’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in days
delay delays delay ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, there is a vowel ‘a’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in delays
donkey donkeys donkey ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, there is a vowel ‘e’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in donkeys
essay essays essay ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, there is a vowel ‘a’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in essays
Key keys key ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, there is a vowel ‘e’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in keys
monkey monkeys monkey ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, vowel ‘e’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in monkeys
prey preys prey ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, vowel ‘e’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in preys
toy toys toy ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, vowel ‘o’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in toys
tray trays tray ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, vowel ‘a’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in trays
turkey turkeys turkey ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, vowel ‘e’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in turkeys
plural noun with consonant s
Plural noun with consonant s

Rule#8: When a singular noun is ending with a consonant ‘y’ and it represents persons or places, simply add ‘s’.

Singular Plural Remarks
Germany Germanys Germany ends with ‘y’ and it refers to a specific name of the place, hence, ‘s’ is added in Germanys. We can say, Germanys are very intelligent. (For example only)
Chakraborty Chakrabortys Chakraborty ends with ‘y’ and it refers to the category os people, hence, ‘s’ is added in Chakrabortys. We say, So, many Chakrabortys are famous in the world. (For example only)

Rule#9: When a noun ends with ‘f’ or ‘fe’, then ‘f’ is changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’.

Singular Plural Remarks
calf calves calf ends with ‘f’. Hence, ‘f’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in calves
dwarf dwarves dwarf ends with ‘f’. Hence, ‘f’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in dwarves
half halves half ends with ‘f’. Hence, ‘f’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in halves
leaf leaves leaf ends with ‘f’. Hence, ‘f’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in leaves
life lives life ends with ‘fe’. Hence, ‘fe’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in lives
loaf loaves loaf ends with ‘f’. Hence, ‘f’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in loaves
knife knives knife ends with ‘fe’. Hence, ‘fe’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in knives
scarf scarves scarf ends with ‘f’. Hence, ‘f’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in scarves
self selves self ends with ‘f’. Hence, ‘f’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in selves
shelf shelves shelf ends with ‘f’. Hence, ‘f’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in shelves
plural noun with f fe
Plural noun with f fe

There are some exceptions to this rule,

Singular Plural Remarks
chef chefs s’ is added in chefs
chief chiefs s’ is added in chiefs
Cliff Cliffs s’ is added in cliffs
cuff cuffs s’ is added in cuffs
dwarf dwarfs s’ is added in dwarfs
grief griefs s’ is added in griefs
handkerchief handkerchiefs s’ is added in handkerchiefs
kerchief kerchiefs s’ is added in kerchiefs
proof proofs s’ is added in proofs
roof roofs s’ is added in roofs
safe safes s’ is added in safes

Rule#10 When a singular noun ends with ‘o’, followed by a consonant, simply add ‘es’.

Singular Plural Remarks
hero heroes hero ends with ‘o’, followed by consonant ‘r’, hence, ‘es’ is added in heroes.
potato potatoes same
tomato tomatoes same

There few exceptions here,

Singular Plural Remarks
halo halos Only ‘s’ is added as an exception
memento mementos same
photo photos same
piano pianos same
solo solos same
plural noun with o with s
Plural noun with o with s

Rule#11 When a singular noun ends with ‘o’, followed by a vowel, add ‘s’ to make plural.

Singular Plural Remarks
cameo cameos cameo ends with ‘o’, followed by vowel ‘e’, hence, ‘s’ is added in cameos
studio studios same
portfolio portfolios same

Rule#12 However, when the words have a foreign origin (e.g., Latin, Greek, Spanish, Mexico, etc.), we  just add ‘s’ to make the plural. 

Singular Plural Remarks
taco tacos Taco is originated from Mexico, hence, only ‘s’ is added in tacos
avocado avocados same
maestro maestros same
plural noun with s avocado
Plural noun with s avocado

Rule#13 When a singular noun ends with ‘us’, replace this ‘us’ by ‘i’.

Singular Plural Remarks
alumnus alumni alumnus ends with ‘us’, hence, ‘us’ changed into ‘I’ in alumni.
cactus cacti same
focus foci same
fungus fungi same
nucleus nuclei same
octopus octopi same
syllabus syllabi same
plural noun with s octopus
Plural noun with s octopus

Rule#14 When a singular noun ends with ‘um’, replace this ‘um’ by ‘a’.

Singular Plural Remarks
bacterium bacteria bacterium ends with ‘um’, hence, ‘um’ changed into ‘a’ in bacteria.
curriculum curricula same
datum data same
medium media same

Rule#15 Few singular nouns end with ‘a’, replace this ‘a’ by ‘ae’.

Singular Plural Remarks
alga algae alga ends with ‘a’, hence, ‘a’ changed into ‘ae’ in algae.
alumna antennae same
amoeba amoebae same
antenna antennae same

There are so many worksheets available for singular nouns and plural nouns.

Rule#16 When a singular noun ends with ‘is’, simply replace it with ‘es’.

Singular Plural Remarks
 analysis  analyses analysis ends with ‘is’, hence, ‘is’ changed into ‘es’ in analyses
 axis  axes same
 diagnosis  diagnoses same
 ellipsis  ellipses same
 hypothesis  hypotheses same
 parenthesis  parentheses same

Rule#17 When a singular noun ends with ‘on’, replace it with ‘a’.

Singular Plural Remarks
criterion criteria criterion ends with ‘on’, hence, ‘on’ changed into ‘a’ in criteria
phenomenon phenomena same

Rule#18 When a singular noun ends with ‘ex’ or ‘ix’, replace it with ‘ices’.

Singular Plural Remarks
appendix appendices appendix ends with ‘ix’, hence, ‘ix’ changed into ‘ices’ in appendices
index Indices index ends with ‘ex’, hence, ‘ex’ changed into ‘ices’ in indices
matrix matrices same
vertex vertices same

Rule#19 Few singular nouns end with ‘o’, replace it by ‘i’.

Singular Plural Remarks
concerto concerti concerto ends with ‘o’, hence, ‘o’ changed into ‘i’ in concerti
graffito graffiti same
virtuoso virtuosi same

Conclusion

Hence, we have got a basic idea about singular nouns and plural nouns. Please note that you are always welcome to upgrade or modify our posts and always welcome to our study.

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