Singular Nouns & Plural Nouns – Examples, Rules & List

Let’s learn Singular Nouns & Plural Nouns!

Singular Nouns & Plural Nouns – Examples, Rules & List

Singular nouns and plural nouns are explained along with the definition, a lot of examples, plural noun rules, lists, etc.

Singular Nouns and Plural Nouns

Let’s explore Singular Nouns and Plural nouns! We have already learned singular implies single and it means only one. It may be one person, one animal, one place, one thing, or one idea, or anything which is only one number.

Plural means it is more than one. It may be two or more. Like two persons, two cows or two cities, etc.

When the noun consists of a single number it is a singular noun and for more than one it is a plural noun. In many cases, we add ‘s’ or ‘es’ with singular nouns to make plural nouns.

  • Like the plural noun of ‘cow’  is ‘cows’
  • The plural noun of ‘cat’ is ‘cats’
singular nouns plural nouns
Singular nouns plural nouns

But in many cases, there are no rules followed when we make plural nouns.

For examples,

  • The man changed into men
  • Sheep don’t change, it means the plural of sheep will be sheep only.

These are known as irregular plurals or irregular plural nouns.

Singular Noun Definition and Examples of Singular Noun

Singular Noun Definition

When a noun consists of only one number, this noun is known as a singular noun.

Singular Noun Examples

  • One no of tiger
  • One no of computer
  • One no of pen
  • One no of horse
  • One no of mobile
singular nouns
Singular nouns

Sentence Examples

  • The tiger was very hungry and run behind a bull
  • I have one computer
  • Rimi has a pen in her bag
  • We have one dog, one horse, and one cat
  • I have got an idea
  • She is typing on a mobile

Singular Countable Nouns

We know, if any noun can be counted it is a countable noun. Noun, when we talk about one person or animal or place or thing or idea, we will call it a singular countable noun.

There are lots of singular countable noun in our daily life, few are cited,

  • Rumi
  • bird
  • computer
  • mobile
  • apple
  • bus
  • pen
  • book

Check out our ANIMATED VIDEO!

Plural Nouns  & Examples

Plural Nouns

Reba went to the zoo yesterday and she has seen five giraffes, two crocodiles, 3 tigers, 6 foxes, and many birds. If you observe, she has seen more than two giraffes, tigers, foxes, and birds. Hence, these numbers are more than two and are known as a plural noun.

  • Two or more than two tiger = tigers
  • Two or more than two giraffe = giraffes
  • Two or more than two fox = foxes
  • Two or more than two bird = birds
plural nouns
Plural nouns

Here, tigers are plural nouns of tiger, giraffes are plural nouns of giraffe, birds are plural nouns of bird, and so on. Hence, tigers, giraffes, foxes, and birds, etc. are plural nouns.

Now, look at all examples, what we did here? We simply, add ‘s’ or ‘es’ at the end of the word and changed the singular noun into a plural noun. These plurals are normal plural nouns or regular plural nouns.

When plural nouns are not based on specific rules, irregular plural nouns are formed.

Refer to our interesting articles, 100 Irregular Plural Noun List

Examples of plural noun

Thee are thousands of plural nouns used in our daily life, few of them are listed for examples,

  • Two or more no of tiger   = tigers
  • Two or more no of computer   = computers
  • Two or more no of pen = pens
  • Two or more no of horse = houses
  • Two or more no of mobile = mobiles

Sentence examples

The following sentences contain plural noun examples.

  • The boys are enjoying the game.
  • We have many chocolates for girls.
  • Tina has two bags
  • We have seen two tigers fighting in the zoo.
  • Ideas can change our life

Singular and Plural Noun Rules

Rule#1: When we make a plural form of a regular noun, simply add ‘s’ or ‘es’ at the end.

There are a lot of regular nouns in English Grammar we use in our daily life and we will simply add it to make plural nouns.

Add ‘s’

SingularPluralRemarks
anacondaanacondass’ is added at the end of anaconda
appleappless’ is added at the end of apple
batbatss’ is added at the end of bat
ballballss’ is added at the end of ball
bellbellss’ is added at the end of bell
boatboatss’ is added at the end of boat
carcarss’ is added at the end of car
camelcamelss’ is added at the end of camel
catcatss’ is added at the end of cat
computercomputerss’ is added at the end of computer
containercontainerss’ is added at the end of container
cupcupss’ is added at the end of cup
dogdogss’ is added at the end of dog
eggeggss’ is added at the end of egg
elephantelephantss’ is added at the end of elephant
horsehorsess’ is added at the end of horse
househousess’ is added at the end of house
ideaideass’ is added at the end of idea
insectinsectss’ is added at the end of insect
lamplampss’ is added at the end of lamp
mugmugss’ is added at the end of mug
plateplatess’ is added at the end of plate
riverriverss’ is added at the end of river
traintrainss’ is added at the end of train
tramtramss’ is added at the end of tram
treetreess’ is added at the end of tree
windowwindowss’ is added at the end of window
plural noun with s
Plural noun with s

Rule#2 If any singular noun ends with ‘s’, ‘ss’, ‘ch’, ‘sh’, add ‘es’ to the end to make it plural.

There are a lot of regular nouns end with ‘s’, ‘ss’, ‘sh’, etc. in English Grammar we use in our daily life and we will simply add it to make plural nouns.

SingularPluralRemarks
busbusesbus ends with ‘s’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
churchchurcheschurch ends with ‘ch’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
addressaddressesaddress ends with ‘ss’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
classclassesclass ends with ‘ss’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
brushbrushesbrush ends with ‘sh’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
archarchesaddress ends with ‘ss’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
branchbranchesaddress ends with ‘ss’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
flashflashesflash ends with ‘sh’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
dishdishesdish ends with ‘sh’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
dressdressesdress ends with ‘ss’, hence, ‘es’ is added at the end
Plural noun with es
Plural noun with es

Rule#3 If any singular noun ends with ‘ch’, and sounds like k, add ‘s’ instead of ‘es’ to the end to make it plural.

SingularPluralRemarks
stomachstomachsch’ in stomach sounds ‘k’, hence, only ‘s’ will be added at the end instead of ‘es’
monarchmonarchs
plural noun with monarch
Plural noun with monarch

Rule#4 If any singular noun ends with ‘x’, or ‘z’, add ‘es’ to the end to make it plural.

SingularPluralRemarks
blitzblitzesblitz ends with ‘z’, hence, ‘es’ will be added at the end
boxboxesbox ends with ‘x’, hence, ‘es’ will be added at the end
buzzbuzzes
foxfoxes
taxtaxes
plural noun with s x
Plural noun with s x

Rule#5 Few singular nouns ending with ‘s’ or ‘z’, require doubling this s or z before adding ‘es’ to make irregular plurals.

SingularPluralRemarks
fezfezzesfez ends with ‘z’, here, z doubles, and ‘es’ is added.
gasgasses

Rule#6: When the singular noun is ending with a consonant ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’ there is no vowel, then to make the plural, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and add es.

SingularPluralRemarks
puppypuppiespuppy ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘I’ and ‘es’ is added in puppies
babybabiesbaby ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘es’ is added in babies
skyskiessky ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘es’ is added in skies
librarylibrarieslibrary ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘es’ is added in libraies
spyspiesspy ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘es’ is added in spies
enemyenemiesenemy ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘es’ is added in enemies
berryberriesberry ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘es’ is added in berries
universityuniversitiesuniversity ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘es’ is added in universities
lobbylobbieslobby ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘es’ is added in lobbies
flyfliesbaby ends with ‘y’, hence, ‘y’ changed into ‘i’ and ‘es’ is added in babies
candycandiesies’ is modified in candies
ladyladiesies’ is modified in ladies
citycitiesies’ is modified in cities
countrycountriesies’ is modified in countries
nappynappiesies’ is modified in nappies
dairydairiesies’ is modified in dairies
daisydaisiesies’ is modified in daisies
dictionarydictionariesies’ is modified in dictionaries
plural noun with ies
Plural noun with ies

Rule#7: When a singular noun is ending with a consonant ‘y’ and prior to y, there is a vowel, then after ‘y’ need to add ‘s’ only.

SingularPluralRemarks
alloyalloysalloy ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, there is a vowel ‘o’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in alloys
boyboysboy ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, there is a vowel ‘o’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in boys
daydaysday ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, there is a vowel ‘a’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in days
delaydelaysdelay ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, there is a vowel ‘a’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in delays
donkeydonkeysdonkey ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, there is a vowel ‘e’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in donkeys
essayessaysessay ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, there is a vowel ‘a’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in essays
Keykeyskey ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, there is a vowel ‘e’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in keys
monkeymonkeysmonkey ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, vowel ‘e’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in monkeys
preypreysprey ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, vowel ‘e’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in preys
toytoystoy ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, vowel ‘o’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in toys
traytraystray ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, vowel ‘a’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in trays
turkeyturkeysturkey ends with ‘y’ and prior to ‘y’, vowel ‘e’. Hence, ‘s’ is added in turkeys
plural noun with consonant s
Plural noun with consonant s

Rule#8: When a singular noun is ending with a consonant ‘y’ and it represents persons or places, simply add ‘s’.

SingularPluralRemarks
GermanyGermanysGermany ends with ‘y’ and it refers to a specific name of the place, hence, ‘s’ is added in Germanys. We can say, Germanys are very intelligent. (For example only)
ChakrabortyChakrabortysChakraborty ends with ‘y’ and it refers to the category os people, hence, ‘s’ is added in Chakrabortys. We say, So, many Chakrabortys are famous in the world. (For example only)

Rule#9: When a noun ends with ‘f’ or ‘fe’, then ‘f’ is changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’.

SingularPluralRemarks
calfcalvescalf ends with ‘f’. Hence, ‘f’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in calves
dwarfdwarvesdwarf ends with ‘f’. Hence, ‘f’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in dwarves
halfhalveshalf ends with ‘f’. Hence, ‘f’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in halves
leafleavesleaf ends with ‘f’. Hence, ‘f’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in leaves
lifeliveslife ends with ‘fe’. Hence, ‘fe’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in lives
loafloavesloaf ends with ‘f’. Hence, ‘f’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in loaves
knifeknivesknife ends with ‘fe’. Hence, ‘fe’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in knives
scarfscarvesscarf ends with ‘f’. Hence, ‘f’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in scarves
selfselvesself ends with ‘f’. Hence, ‘f’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in selves
shelfshelvesshelf ends with ‘f’. Hence, ‘f’ changed into ‘ve’ and add ‘s’ in shelves
plural noun with f fe
Plural noun with f fe

There are some exceptions to this rule,

SingularPluralRemarks
chefchefss’ is added in chefs
chiefchiefss’ is added in chiefs
CliffCliffss’ is added in cliffs
cuffcuffss’ is added in cuffs
dwarfdwarfss’ is added in dwarfs
griefgriefss’ is added in griefs
handkerchiefhandkerchiefss’ is added in handkerchiefs
kerchiefkerchiefss’ is added in kerchiefs
proofproofss’ is added in proofs
roofroofss’ is added in roofs
safesafess’ is added in safes

Rule#10 When a singular noun ends with ‘o’, followed by a consonant, simply add ‘es’.

SingularPluralRemarks
heroheroeshero ends with ‘o’, followed by consonant ‘r’, hence, ‘es’ is added in heroes.
potatopotatoessame
tomatotomatoessame

There few exceptions here,

SingularPluralRemarks
halohalosOnly ‘s’ is added as an exception
mementomementossame
photophotossame
pianopianossame
solosolossame
plural noun with o with s
Plural noun with o with s

Rule#11 When a singular noun ends with ‘o’, followed by a vowel, add ‘s’ to make plural.

SingularPluralRemarks
cameocameoscameo ends with ‘o’, followed by vowel ‘e’, hence, ‘s’ is added in cameos
studiostudiossame
portfolioportfoliossame

Rule#12 However, when the words have a foreign origin (e.g., Latin, Greek, Spanish, Mexico, etc.), we  just add ‘s’ to make the plural. 

SingularPluralRemarks
tacotacosTaco is originated from Mexico, hence, only ‘s’ is added in tacos
avocadoavocadossame
maestromaestrossame
plural noun with s avocado
Plural noun with s avocado

Rule#13 When a singular noun ends with ‘us’, replace this ‘us’ by ‘i’.

SingularPluralRemarks
alumnusalumnialumnus ends with ‘us’, hence, ‘us’ changed into ‘I’ in alumni.
cactuscactisame
focusfocisame
fungusfungisame
nucleusnucleisame
octopusoctopisame
syllabussyllabisame
plural noun with s octopus
Plural noun with s octopus

Rule#14 When a singular noun ends with ‘um’, replace this ‘um’ by ‘a’.

SingularPluralRemarks
bacteriumbacteriabacterium ends with ‘um’, hence, ‘um’ changed into ‘a’ in bacteria.
curriculumcurriculasame
datumdatasame
mediummediasame

Rule#15 Few singular nouns end with ‘a’, replace this ‘a’ by ‘ae’.

SingularPluralRemarks
algaalgaealga ends with ‘a’, hence, ‘a’ changed into ‘ae’ in algae.
alumnaantennaesame
amoebaamoebaesame
antennaantennaesame

There are so many worksheets available for singular nouns and plural nouns.

Rule#16 When a singular noun ends with ‘is’, simply replace it with ‘es’.

SingularPluralRemarks
 analysis analysesanalysis ends with ‘is’, hence, ‘is’ changed into ‘es’ in analyses
 axis axessame
 diagnosis diagnosessame
 ellipsis ellipsessame
 hypothesis hypothesessame
 parenthesis parenthesessame

Rule#17 When a singular noun ends with ‘on’, replace it with ‘a’.

SingularPluralRemarks
criterioncriteriacriterion ends with ‘on’, hence, ‘on’ changed into ‘a’ in criteria
phenomenonphenomenasame

Rule#18 When a singular noun ends with ‘ex’ or ‘ix’, replace it with ‘ices’.

SingularPluralRemarks
appendixappendicesappendix ends with ‘ix’, hence, ‘ix’ changed into ‘ices’ in appendices
indexIndicesindex ends with ‘ex’, hence, ‘ex’ changed into ‘ices’ in indices
matrixmatricessame
vertexverticessame

Rule#19 Few singular nouns end with ‘o’, replace it by ‘i’.

SingularPluralRemarks
concertoconcerticoncerto ends with ‘o’, hence, ‘o’ changed into ‘i’ in concerti
graffitograffitisame
virtuosovirtuosisame

Conclusion

Hence, we have got a basic idea about singular nouns and plural nouns. Please note that you are always welcome to upgrade or modify our posts and always welcome to our study.

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