Use of Preposition On – Preposition Examples

Let’s Explore Use of Preposition ON!

Use of Preposition On – Preposition Examples

The use of preposition on, is very simple if you use a few rules. Let us learn, all the rules for preposition on & learn to avert grammatical mistakes in communication.   

Use of Preposition On

Preposition, a tricky term for all of us, and many times we made mistakes in our communications, in our writings. In this lesson, we are going to crack the rules to use of preposition on.

preposition on use
Fig. 1 Use of Preposition on

We use the preposition ‘on’ in our day to day life, for example, we use to say:

A cat is on the table  Here, on is used to say the place of cat
My class is on Monday  Here, on is used to tell about day
She is on the internet  Here, on is used to say about internet
My birthday is on 2nd December Here, on is used to talk about the date
I am on a plane Here, on is used for transport

Now, look at all of the above sentences closely. There are different sentences and preposition on is used differently. Then how do we understand:

Where to use the preposition on?
When to use the preposition on?

Don’t worry, we have summarized the use of preposition on as rules which will help you to learn easily. Let’s explore, rules to use of preposition on.

rule of preposition
Fig. 2 Rule of preposition on

Rule #1 On the Surface

Description

When we talk about the surface and something or someone has touched the surface, we will use the preposition on.

preposition on surface
Fig. 3 Preposition – on the surface

Explanation

Let’s take a table. It has a surface. Now, we take an apple and keep it on the surface of the table. Here, we will say, the apple is kept on the table. Apple has touched the surface of the table. In the same way, a ball on the floor or a clock on the wall or apple on the tea table can be taken as examples. 

Examples

Preposition Examples
Explanation
A ball is kept on the desk The ball has touched the surface of the desk
A picture is on the wall The picture has touched the surface of the wall
The boat is on the water The boat has touched the surface of the water
A book is kept on the table Book has touched the surface of the table
A glass is kept on the dining table Glass has touched the surface of the dining table
The clock is on the wall The clock has touched the surface of the wall

Notes

If the objects are not touched the surface, ON will not be used.

preposition on surface example
Fig. 5 Preposition on – surface example

Rule#2 When We talk Time

Description 

We will consider a pyramid, and divide it into three parts to understand the preposition of time:

Top Part Very Small and very specific, We use Preposition AT
Middle Part Small and specific, We use Preposition ON
Bottom Part General and bigger, We use Preposition IN
pyramid preposition
Fig. 6 Pyramid rule – preposition on

We have already learned Preposition AT in our previous session, however, to have a more clearly we will understand from a comparison table:

AT
ON
Very small & Very Specific we use AT Small & specific case we use ON
Point of Time like 8.00 AM. 9.00 AM etc Days: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, today, yesterday, the day before yesterday, day after tomorrow, etc
Dates: 19th January, 14th February, etc.
Time: The Moment Time: The weekend, The weekdays, etc
Specific parts of the day: Midnight, Midday, etc Days + Parts of the day: Sunday Morning, Monday Evening, etc
Name of Holidays: Christmas, Eid, Easter, Holi Name of Holidays+ Day: Christmas Day, Eid Day, Easter Day, Holi Day
preposition on time on
Fig. 7 Rule for time

Hence, we will use the preposition on when we talk about Days Dates Time like weekend, weekdays, etc Days + Parts of the day Names of holiday + Day.

 

Explanation

She has a party on 22nd July. Here, 22nd July is a date and we use preposition on 22nd July.  

Examples

My birthday is on 2nd December 2nd December is a date, and we use on
Tina has an exam on Sunday Sunday is a day, and we use on
We have a party on 19th January 19th January is a date, and we use on
We all have enjoyed on Sunday evening Sunday evening is day+parts of day, and we use on
She has released a book on 25th May 2020 25th May is a date, and we use on
We are going to London on Saturday Saturday means a day, and we use on
We lost large forests on 22nd August 2019. 22nd August is a date, and we use on

Note

Mind it for the point of time, we use AT.

Rule#3 General Address

Description

When we refer general address instead of the actual address, we will use preposition ON.

Explanation

She is staying on M.G Road. Here, M.G Road is a general address and we will use ON. But if we specify some numbers like 24/1 M.G Road, i.e. actual address, we will use AT since it will be a specific address.

general address preposition on
Fig. 8 Preposition on for general address

Hence, in the case of the followings, we use ON

  • Roads
  • Avenue
  • Streets

Examples

Mona is living on SA Avenue SA Avenue refers to a general address.
Lama has a meeting on  LR Street LR Street refers to a general address.
There are many bookstalls on college street College Street refers to a general address.
She is staying on MP Avenue MP Avenue refers to a general address.
Rimi is waiting on London Street London Street refers to a general address.
Bulls are fighting on LG Road LG Road refers to a general address.

Notes

If we add some value to this address like some numbers, the address will be specific, and we will use preposition AT instead of preposition ON.

Rule#4 Something is Attached on Something

Description 

When something is attached to other things, we will use preposition ON.

preposition on attachments
Fig. 10 Preposition on attachments

Explanation

She has a mask on her face. Here, Mask is attached on the face and we will use ON.

Examples

Riya has a ring on her finger The ring is attached to her finger
Dodo has a cap on her head Cap is attached to the head
She has bangle on her left hand The bangle is attached to her left hand
She has a nice clip on her hair The clip is attached to her hair
Nice watch on his wrist  Watch is attached to his wrist
Nice ring on her ear The ring is attached to her ear
Nice leather coat on his body The coat is attached to his body

Rule#5 In Case of Transport

Description

Whenever we talk about transport, we will use preposition ON.

Explanation

Mira is on the bus. Here, the bus is a transport medium and we will use preposition ON.

preposition transport
Fig. 13 Preposition use – transport

Hence, in the case of the followings, we use ON

  • Bus
  • Train
  • Plane
  • Ship
  • Bicycle
  • Motorcycle, etc. 

Examples

Jojo is on a ship It’s talking about ship 
She is on a plane It’s talking about a plane
Rini is on a bicycle It’s talking about bicycle
Piya is traveling on a bus It’s talking about bus
Rimi is on a bicycle It’s talking about bicycle

Notes

If someone is waiting inside the bus, we will use preposition IN instead of preposition ON.

Rule#6 Electronics Communications

Description

In the case of electronic devices, we will use preposition ON. Remember, it will be applicable only when we work on electronic devices.

Explanation

She is on mobile. Here, she is doing some work and we will use preposition ON.
Hence, in the case of the followings, we use ON
  • Mobile
  • Calculator
  • TV
  • Tab
  • Internet etc.

Examples

Luna is working on the computer It’s related to an electronic device, computer
He has got the news on the internet It’s related to the internet
She is doing a calculation on the calculator It’s related to the calculator
Ram is watching a movie on the TV It’s related to TV
Bina is reading a story on mobile  It’s related to phone

Rule#7 Coast / River / Roads

Description

When we talk about the coast or river or road or near to these all, we will use preposition ON.

coast road preposition
Fig. 15 Use of preposition on – Coastal & road

Explanation

Rima is walking along the coast. Here, Rima is walking near the coast side and we will use preposition ON.

Examples

Tina is walking on the road It’s talking about road
He is running on the coast It’s talking about coast
Kolkata is on the coast of Ganges It’s talking about the river

Rule#8 Body Parts

Description 

When we refer to body parts, we will use preposition ON.

body part preposition
Fig. 16 Use for body parts

Explanation 

Minu kissed her daughter’s finger. Here, the finger is a part of the body and we will use preposition ON.

Hence, in the case of the followings, we use ON

  • Forehead
  • Finger
  • Hand
  • Palm
  • Leg
  • Eye
  • Ear etc.

Examples

She kissed on her forehead Forehead means body part
Mother touched on the head of her son Head is a body part
He put some medicine on the wound of leg The leg is a body part.
Father kissed on her daughter’s finger The finger is a body part

Rule#9 Talk about state

Description 

When we talk about a mental state like anger or state of something, we will use ON.

Explanation 

Muna is on anger. Here, Muna is very angry, and her mental state reflects anger. Hence,  we will use preposition ON.

Examples

Sourav is on fire yesterday Fire means a mental state here
Office head was on anger Anger is a mental state
Apple was on sale The sale means a state 
This dress was on sale Selling means a state here

Rule#10 When we talk about sides

Description

When we talk about sides like the right side or left side, we will use preposition ON.

side preposition
Fig. 19 Preposition for Side

Explanation

She is sitting on the right side The right side means we use ON
Rumi is on my left side  The left side means we use ON
We are walking on the right side of the road. The right side of the road means we use ON

Preposition On Work Out

Example-1

Rina is sitting on the floor.

Rina has touched the surface of the floor and we use the preposition on.

Example-2

Lila has a birthday on 5th July.

Here, birthday means a day so, we will use on.

Example-3

Dodo live on G.T. London Street.

Here, G.T. London Street means a general address so, we will use the preposition on.

Example-4

A beautiful diamond ring is on her finger.

Here, a diamond ring is attached to the finger and we use on.

Example-5

Rana is traveling on a plane.

Here, the plane is a transport medium and we use the preposition on

Example-6

Nita is working on the computer.

Here, the computer is an electronic device and we use the preposition on.

Example-7

She is walking on the river bank.

Here, walking near the river and we use the preposition on.

Example-8

Somi kissed on her forehead.

Here, the forehead is a body part and we use the preposition on.

Example-9

Tigers were on fire.

Here, fire is a mental state of the tiger and we use ‘on’

Example-10

Rina is on the right side of Sam.

Here, the right side means, we use ‘on’.

Further Study

Reference

  • Study Windows Experience
  • Standard Grammar Books

Conclusion

So, we have learned the use of preposition on. If you have any doubt, please let us know. 

    Phone No

    +968 9719 5753

    Address

    Kolkata
    West Bengal, India

    You cannot copy content of this page