Use of Preposition On – Preposition Examples


The use of preposition on, is very simple if you use a few rules. Let us learn, all the rules for preposition on & learn to avert grammatical mistakes in communication.

Use of Preposition On

Preposition, a tricky term for all of us, and many times we made mistakes in our communications, in our writings. In this lesson, we are going to crack the rules to use of preposition on.

use of Preposition on
Fig. 1 Use of Preposition on

We use the preposition ‘on’ in our day to day life, for example, we use to say:

A cat is on the table Here, on is used to say the place of cat
My class is on Monday Here, on is used to tell about day
She is on the internet Here, on is used to say about internet
Here, on is used to say about internetHere, on is used to talk about the date
I am on a planeHere, on is used for transport

Now, look at all of the above sentences closely. There are different sentences and preposition on is used differently. Then how do we understand:

  • Where to use the preposition on?
  • When to use the preposition on?

Don’t worry, we have summarized the use of preposition on as rules which will help you to learn easily. Let’s explore, rules to use of preposition on.

rule of preposition on
Fig. 2 Rule of preposition on

Rule #1 On the Surface – Use of On Preposition

Description

When we talk about the surface and something or someone has touched the surface, we will use the preposition on.

Explanation

Let’s take a table. It has a surface. Now, we take an apple and keep it on the surface of the table. Here, we will say, the apple is kept on the table. Apple has touched the surface of the table. In the same way, a ball on the floor or a clock on the wall or apple on the tea table can be taken as examples.

Examples

Preposition ExamplesExplanation
A ball is kept on the deskThe ball has touched the surface of the desk
A picture is on the wallThe picture has touched the surface of the wall
The boat is on the waterThe boat has touched the surface of the water
A book is kept on the tableBook has touched the surface of the table
A glass is kept on the dining tableGlass has touched the surface of the dining table
The clock is on the wallThe clock has touched the surface of the wall

Notes

If the objects are not touched the surface, ON will not be used.

Check out our ANIMATED VIDEO,

Rule#2 When We talk Time – Use of On Preposition

Description

We will consider a pyramid, and divide it into three parts to understand the preposition of time:

Top PartVery Small and very specific, We use Preposition AT
Middle PartSmall and specific, We use Preposition ON
Bottom PartGeneral and bigger, We use Preposition IN
pyramid rule - preposition on
Fig. 6 Pyramid rule – preposition on

We have already learned Preposition AT in our previous session, however, to have a more clearly we will understand from a comparison table:

ATON
Very small & Very Specific we use ATSmall & specific case we use ON
Point of Time like 8.00 AM. 9.00 AM etcDays: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, today, yesterday, the day before yesterday, day after tomorrow, etc
Dates: 19th January, 14th February, etc. 
Time: The MomentTime: The weekend, The weekdays, etc
Specific parts of the day: Midnight, Midday, etcDays + Parts of the day: Sunday Morning, Monday Evening, etc
Name of Holidays: Christmas, Eid, Easter, HoliName of Holidays+ Day: Christmas Day, Eid Day, Easter Day, Holi Day
rule for time
Fig. 7 Rule for time

Hence, we will use the preposition on when we talk about Days Dates Time like weekend, weekdays, etc Days + Parts of the day Names of holiday + Day.

Explanation

She has a party on 22nd July. Here, 22nd July is a date and we use preposition on 22nd July.

Examples

My birthday is on 2nd December2nd December is a date, and we use on
Tina has an exam on SundaySunday is a day, and we use on
We have a party on 19th January19th January is a date, and we use on
We all have enjoyed on Sunday eveningSunday evening is day+parts of day, and we use on
She has released a book on 25th May 202025th May is a date, and we use on
We are going to London on SaturdaySaturday means a day, and we use on
We lost large forests on 22nd August 2019.22nd August is a date, and we use on

Note

Mind it for the point of time, we use AT.

Rule#3 General Address – Use of On Preposition

Description

When we refer general address instead of the actual address, we will use preposition ON.

Explanation

She is staying on M.G Road. Here, M.G Road is a general address and we will use ON. But if we specify some numbers like 24/1 M.G Road, i.e. actual address, we will use AT since it will be a specific address.

preposition on for general address
Fig. 8 Preposition on for general address

Hence, in the case of the followings, we use ON

  • Roads
  • Avenue
  • Streets

Examples

Mona is living on SA AvenueSA Avenue refers to a general address.
Lama has a meeting on  LR StreetLR Street refers to a general address.
There are many bookstalls on college streetCollege Street refers to a general address.
She is staying on MP AvenueMP Avenue refers to a general address.
Rimi is waiting on London StreetLondon Street refers to a general address.
Bulls are fighting on LG RoadLG Road refers to a general address.

Notes

If we add some value to this address like some numbers, the address will be specific, and we will use preposition AT instead of preposition ON.

Rule#4 Something is Attached on Something – Preposition on Use

Description

When something is attached to other things, we will use preposition ON.

preposition on attachments
Fig. 10 Preposition on attachments

Explanation

She has a mask on her face. Here, Mask is attached on the face and we will use ON.

Examples

Riya has a ring on her fingerThe ring is attached to her finger
Dodo has a cap on her headCap is attached to the head
She has bangle on her left handThe bangle is attached to her left hand
She has a nice clip on her hairThe clip is attached to her hair
Nice watch on his wrist Watch is attached to his wrist
Nice ring on her earThe ring is attached to her ear
Nice leather coat on his bodyThe coat is attached to his body

Rule#5 In Case of Transport – Use of On Preposition

Description

Whenever we talk about transport, we will use preposition ON.

Explanation

Mira is on the bus. Here, the bus is a transport medium and we will use preposition ON.

preposition use - transport
Fig. 13 Preposition use – transport

Hence, in the case of the followings, we use ON

  • Bus
  • Train
  • Plane
  • Ship
  • Bicycle
  • Motorcycle, etc.

Examples

Jojo is on a shipIt’s talking about ship 
She is on a planeIt’s talking about a plane
Rini is on a bicycleIt’s talking about bicycle
Piya is traveling on a busIt’s talking about bus
Rimi is on a bicycleIt’s talking about bicycle

Notes

If someone is waiting inside the bus, we will use preposition IN instead of preposition ON.

Rule#6 Electronics Communications – Use of On Preposition

Description

In the case of electronic devices, we will use preposition ON. Remember, it will be applicable only when we work on electronic devices.

Explanation

She is on mobile. Here, she is doing some work and we will use preposition ON.
Hence, in the case of the following, we use ON

  • Mobile
  • Calculator
  • TV
  • Tab
  • Internet etc.

Examples

Luna is working on the computerIt’s related to an electronic device, computer
He has got the news on the internetIt’s related to the internet
She is doing a calculation on the calculatorIt’s related to the calculator
Ram is watching a movie on the TVIt’s related to TV
Bina is reading a story on mobile It’s related to phone

Rule#7 Coast / River / Roads – Use of On Preposition

Description

When we talk about the coast or river or road or near to these all, we will use preposition ON.

use of preposition on - Coastal & road
Fig. 15 Use of preposition on – Coastal & road

Explanation

Rima is walking along the coast. Here, Rima is walking near the coast side and we will use preposition ON.

Examples

Tina is walking on the roadIt’s talking about road
He is running on the coastIt’s talking about coast
Kolkata is on the coast of GangesIt’s talking about the river

Rule#8 Body Parts – Use of On Preposition

Description

When we refer to body parts, we will use preposition ON.

use for body parts
Fig. 16 Use for body parts

Explanation

Minu kissed her daughter’s finger. Here, the finger is a part of the body and we will use preposition ON.

Hence, in the case of the followings, we use ON

  • Forehead
  • Finger
  • Hand
  • Palm
  • Leg
  • Eye
  • Ear etc.

Examples

She kissed on her foreheadForehead means body part
Mother touched on the head of her sonHead is a body part
He put some medicine on the wound of legThe leg is a body part.
Father kissed on her daughter’s fingerThe finger is a body part

Rule#9 Talk about state – Use of On Preposition

Description

When we talk about a mental state like anger or state of something, we will use ON.

Explanation

Muna is on anger. Here, Muna is very angry, and her mental state reflects anger. Hence,  we will use preposition ON.

Examples

Sourav is on fire yesterdayFire means a mental state here
Office head was on angerAnger is a mental state
Apple was on saleThe sale means a state 
This dress was on saleSelling means a state here

Rule#10 When we talk about sides

Description

When we talk about sides like the right side or left side, we will use ON.

preposition for Side
Fig. 19 Preposition for Side

Explanation

She is sitting on the right sideThe right side means we use ON
Rumi is on my left side The left side means we use ON
We are walking on the right side of the road.The right side of the road means we use ON

Use of Preposition On Work Out

Example-1

Rina is sitting on the floor.

Rina has touched the surface of the floor and we use the preposition on.

Example-2

Lila has a birthday on 5th July.

Here, birthday means a day so, we will use on.

Example-3

Dodo live on G.T. London Street.

Here, G.T. London Street means a general address so, we will use ‘on’.

Example-4

A beautiful diamond ring is on her finger.

Here, a diamond ring is attached to the finger and we use ‘on’.

Example-5

Rana is traveling on a plane.

Here, the plane is a transport medium and we use the preposition on

Example-6

Nita is working on the computer.

Here, the computer is an electronic device and we use the preposition on.

Example-7

She is walking on the river bank.

Here, walking near the river and we use ‘on’.

Example-8

Somi kissed on her forehead.

Here, the forehead is a body part and we use ‘on’.

Example-9

Tigers were on fire.

Here, fire is a mental state of the tiger and we use ‘on’

Example-10

Rina is on the right side of Sam.

Here, the right side means, we use ‘on’.

Conclusion

So, we have learned the use of preposition on. If you have any doubt, please let us know.

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