What are Antonyms? Definition, Meaning, Examples, Words, List

Let’s explore Antonyms!

What are Antonyms? Definition, Meaning, Examples, Words, List

Antonyms are described along with the definition, meaning, examples, words, list, etc. These are the most important words in English Grammar.

Let’s explore Antonyms!

What are Antonyms? Meaning & Definition

Let’s try to understand the basics of antonyms along with meanings, definitions, and examples.

Antonyms Meaning

So, what is the meaning of antonyms? Anonym is a word of the Greek language. The Greek word,

  • ‘anti’ means opposite and
  • ‘onym’ means name.

Antonym means ‘opposite’ or ‘against’ and we can understand it with few examples.

Antonyms Examples

For example,

what are antonyms definition meaning examples words list
What are antonyms definition meaning examples words list
  • big-small,
  • beautiful-ugly,
  • far-near,
  • birth-death,
  • bitter-sweet,
  • fast-slow, etc these all are examples of antonyms.

In the above example, check all are words are opposite. These all are antonyms. Now, let us understand the term antonyms more clearly with the definition.

Antonyms Definition

Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings such as hot and cold, short and tall, etc. This is the simple definition of antonyms.

For example:-

  • “build” and “destroy” have opposite meanings
  • “chill” and “warm” have opposite meanings
  • “smooth” and “rough” have opposite meanings
  • “damp” and “dry” have opposite meanings

Antonyms are mainly used among adjectives. Nouns like (courage – cowardice), Verbs like (arrive – depart), and even adverbs like (carefully – carelessly), etc. can also be antonyms.

Formation of Antonyms

Some antonyms can be made only by adding a prefix to the word.

For example:-

#by adding prefix dis –

  • Agree – disagree
  • Appear – disappear
  • Allow – disallow
  • like – dislike
  • obey – disobey

#by adding a prefix in –

  • Tolerant – intolerant
  • Excusable – inexcusable
  • Justice – injustice
  • Valid – invalid
  • Active – inactive

#by adding prefix im –

  • Mortal – immortal
  • Partial – impartial
  • Balance – imbalance
  • Pure – impure
  • Mature – immature

#by adding prefix un –

  • Kind – unkind
  • Fit – unfit
  • Wise unwise
  • Able – unable
  • Controlled – uncontrolled

#by adding prefix mis –

  • Conduct – misconduct
  • Lead – mislead
  • Use – misuse
  • Understand – misunderstand
  • Behave – misbehave

Types of Antonyms

There are mainly three main types of antonyms :

  • Complementary
  • Relational
  • Graded

Complementary

Antonyms that have no middle ground are known as complementary antonyms.

For example:

  • boy-girl,
  • on-off,
  • night-day,
  • push-pull,
  • pass-fail, etc.

Relational

Antonyms that indicate a reciprocal social relationship between the pair of words that one word cannot be used without the suggestion of another are known as relational antonyms.

For example:

  • boyfriend-girlfriend,
  • parent-child,
  • predecessor-successor,
  • husband-wife, etc.

Graded

Antonyms which deal with the level of the meanings of the words, like if something is not “good”, it may still not be “bad”.These antonyms are known as graded antonyms.

For example:

  • last and first,
  • dark and light,
  • foolish and wise,
  • abundant and scarce, etc.

Antonyms With Examples

Now let us take some examples in sentence form:-

  • It’s really great to have very cold ice cream in hot summer. Here, hot is simply opposite to cold, hence, hot os antonyms of cold.
  • Moun Everest has the highest elevation and Mariana Trench is the lowest elevation in the world. Here, the highest is simply opposite to the lowest, hence, the lowest is the antonyms of the highest.
  • We all have to be positive in mind in a negative situation. Here, positive is simply opposite to negative, hence, negative is the antonyms of positive.

Widely used Antonyms with Examples

Antonyms for Benefit

To learn the antonyms of benefit, first, we have to understand the meaning of benefit.

It means,

  • profit
  • prosperity
  • help
  • advantage, etc.

Hence, we can easily derive the opposite meaning or antonyms of benefit as follows,

  • Loss
  • damage
  • hindrance
  • disadvantage, etc.

Antonyms of confident

To learn the antonyms of ‘confident’, first, we have to understand the meaning of ‘confident’.

It means,

  • assure
  • secure
  • trustworthy
  • reliable, etc.

Hence, we can easily derive the opposite meaning or antonyms of ‘confident’ as follows,

  • unsure
  • doubtful
  • hesitant
  • suspicious, etc.

Antonyms Peace

To learn the antonyms of ‘peace’, first, we have to understand the meaning of ‘peace’.

It means,

  • quiet
  • silence
  • comfort
  • rest, etc.

Hence, we can easily derive the opposite meaning or antonyms of ‘peace’ as follows,

  • noisy
  • fighting
  • war
  • abomination, etc.

Antonyms humble

To learn the antonyms of ‘humble’, first, we have to understand the meaning of ‘humble’.

It means,

  • simplistic
  • modest
  • straightforward
  • unobtrusive, etc.

Hence, we can easily derive the opposite meaning or antonyms of ‘peace’ as follows,

  • arrogant
  • egotistic
  • lordly

Antonyms Unique

To learn the antonyms of ‘unique’, first, we have to understand the meaning of ‘unique’.

It means,

  • special
  • uncommon
  • incomparable
  • unusual

Hence, we can easily derive the opposite meaning or antonyms of ‘unique’ as follows,

  • general
  • common
  • usual
  • generic

There are so many worksheets for antonyms available on the internet.

Antonyms of Happy

To learn the antonyms of ‘happy’, first, we have to understand the meaning of ‘happy’.

It means,

  • cheerful
  • jolly
  • overjoyed

Hence, we can easily derive the opposite meaning or antonyms of ‘happy’ as follows,

  • angry
  • sad
  • unhappy

Antonyms List

Let us take some examples of antonyms that are commonly used in our daily routine.

Antonyms Words with A

Words Antonyms
allow prevent, forbid
apart together, along with
argue comply, ignore
animal human
asleep awake
arrive depart, go
awake asleep
attic cellar
awful nice, excellent
arrest free
alive dead, lifeless
arrival departure
answer question, ask
all none, nothing
already not yet, after that
attack defend
artificial natural, genuine
annoy satisfy, comfort
animal human
autumn spring
ascent descent, drop
amuse bore, depress
attack defense, praise
ancestor descendant, successor
angel devil, demon
amateur professional, expert
always never, sometimes
ancient modern, current, recent

Antonyms Words with B

Words Antonyms
broad narrow, limited
big small, little
bright dull, dark
bravery cowardice, afraid, fear
bless curse
blunt sharp
bold timid, meek
blunt sharp
better worse, inferior
borrow lend
build abolish, destroy, demolish
bold meek
bitter sweet, good
bent straight
backward forward
bad good, nice
bless curse
brave cowardly
borrow lend
blame praise, forgive
break fix
back in front of
best worst
blame praise
big small, little
broad narrow
bravery cowardice
borrow lend
build destroy, demolish
bottom top, peak, summit
boy girl

Antonyms Words with C

Words Antonyms
close open
capable incapable, inept
cloudy clear, bright
clear vague, cloudy
catch miss, drop
careless careful, responsible
careful rush, careless
calm troubled
ceiling floor
closed open
common rare
cellar attic
clever stupid, foolish
courage cowardice, weakness
cruel kind, friendly
captivity freedom, liberty
certainly probably, dubiously
courteous discourteous, rude
correct incorrect, wrong
conceal reveal, expose
come go, depart
captivity freedom, liberty
clockwise anti-clockwise

Antonyms Words with D

Words Antonyms
dawn sunset, end
denounce praise
decrease increase, addition
drunk sober
definite indefinite
downwards upwards
dally hurry
deep shallow, narrow
dark light, clear
doubt trust, belief
daytime midnight
death birth, beginning
dainty clumsy
demolish build, create
different similar
danger safety
defeat victory, success
demand supply
divide join
despair hope
dormant awake
dry wet
doctor patient
discourage encourage, assist
dim bright
dusk dawn
docile disobedient
damage improve, building
defy obey
delicate strong, healthy
defend attack

Antonyms Words with E

Words Antonyms
empty full, load
end begin, start
exceptional usual, normal
enemy friend, ally
ecstasy misery
even odd
excited calm, depressed
enormous tiny
enlarge reduce, tiny
enjoy hate, abhor
encourage discourage
enter leave
entrance exit
ebb flow
economise waste
excite bore
exclude include
easy difficult
enough insufficient
employer employee
equal different
end beginning
expand contract
East West
exciting boring
early late
entirely partially
evident unnoticeable
evil virtuous
expensive cheap
export import
exterior interior
external internal
enormous tiny
everlasting transient
exactly inaccurately

Antonyms Words with F

Words Antonyms
fix break
fortunate unfortunate
fact fiction
fat skinny, skinny
flat hilly
friend enemy, ally
forget remember, recollect
fresh stale
fast slow
find lose
follow lead
floor ceiling
forgivable unforgivable
forward backward
first last
feeble  strong
fall rise
few many
fake real
float sink
find lose
firm flabby
foolish wise
forbid allow
freeze boil
frown smile
famous unknown
free restricted

Antonyms Words with G

Words Antonyms
grief joy
gentle violent
grow shrink
give take
gloomy light
get lose
garbage rubbish
generous greedy
gratis for a fee
gigantic tiny
guilty guilty
grown-up child
glorify dishonor
giant giant
good luck bad luck
gallant  cowardly
gentleman lady
general particular
great ordinary
good bad
generous mean
grasping generous
giant tiny
girl boy
grant beg
guilty innocent
guest host

Antonyms Words with H

Words Antonyms
harmful harmless
health disease
heat cold
harvest plant
hit miss
hate enjoy, love
humid dry
hero coward
harsh mild
husband wife
human animal
here there
horizontal vertical
hard easy, soft
hilly flat
hot cold
happiness sadness
happy sad
host guest
hopeless hopeful
healthy sick
hopeful desperate
huge tiny
heaven hell
high low
he she
handsome ugly
hungry full
heavy  light
high low

Antonyms Words with I

Words Antonyms
identical different
intentional accidental
illicit legal
interesting boring
ignite extinguish
import export
intelligent silly, stupid
inertia activeness
ichor unmovable
important trivial, unimportant
inter exhume
insult compliment
implacable peaceable
inscrutable expressive
in out
innocent guilty
immigration emigration
incisive rambling
include exclude
ignorant educated
moderate moderate
instructor pupil
infallible capable
increase decrease
in front of back
interrupt continue
inside   outside

Antonyms Words with J

Words Antonyms
joy grief
jitney smoker
jeopardy safety
jocular serious
jacks dozen
jabs pulls
junta empire
jingoism melting pot
juncture split
junket scouting trip
juggernaut small person
jade refresh
jocund sad
justify blame
jealous admiring
jags levels
jubilant downcast
jail free
joust peace
jealous trusting
junior senior
jeremiad confound

Antonyms Words with L

Words Antonyms
liquid solid
little much, big
loud quiet
lazy active, diligent
left right
long short
landlord tenant
lovely terrible
live die
low high
lower raise
laugh cry
long short
lose win
lack plenty
lady gentleman
life death
lawful unlawful
light dark
love hate
lovely terrible
last first
loser winner
less more
land water
light heavy
large small
late early

Antonyms Words with M

Words Antonyms
major minor
male female
miss catch
merry sad
moderate extreme
militate boost morale
maximum minimum
mess order
master servant
mirth depression
midnight noon
melt freeze
modern ancient
minatory bright
minor major
man woman
mean generous
miser  spendthrift
mosaic facile
mature immature
morning evening
mountain valley
moon sun
montage ruin
more less
much little
monarchy republic
most least
marry divorce
maximum minimum

Antonyms Words with N

Words Antonyms
native stranger
natural artificial
nasty nice, pleasant
new ancient, old
nice awful
narrow wide
neat messy
negative positive
none some
no yes
now then
niece nephew
normal strange
night day
nephew niece
never always
north south
noisy quiet, silent
noon midnight
none of a lot of
near distant, far
negative affirmative
north south
now then
nadir zenith
nobody everybody
not yet already
nothing everything

Antonyms Words with P

Words Antonyms
plant harvest
predator prey
praise criticism
poverty wealth
private public
parents children
plenty lack
particular general
pure impure
possible impossible
pretty ugly
presence absence
pleasant awful
powerful weak
poverty riches
peace war
poor rich
pre post
partial total
permanent temporary
plural singular
part whole
polite impolite
prudent imprudent
put on take off
plentiful scarce
pass fail
patient impatient
polite rude
push pull
present past

Antonyms Words with Q

Words Antonyms
question answer, solution
quick slow
quiet loud, noisy
quadriceps biceps
quagmire desert
quarter evict
queen  king
quick slow
quirkily normally
queasy healthy
querulous affable
quake still
quotably unquotable
queue disorganization
quantum point
quoted hid
quotient aggregate
qualified unqualified
quests predators
quagmire desert
quadrant circle
quotable unquotable
queries answers
quiet noisy
quit continue
quietly loudly
quite hardly
quicker clearer
quilting blandness

Antonyms Words with R

Words Antonyms
rear front
renege fulfill
rude polite
reply question
rare common
rakish unfashionable
rapacious charitable
regular irregular
radiant dull
rich poor
rural urban
right wrong
risky safe
relevant irrelevant
raze construct
republic dictatorship
right left
roil pacify
resound execrate
reciprocal unrequited
retrench augment
relief heartbreak
rapid slow
rough smooth
real fake
robust weak
rude polite
rainy sunny

Antonyms Words with S

Words Antonyms
sadness happiness
safe dangerous
stupid clever
security danger
strange normal
special general
seldom often
salt sugar
suburb centre
sometimes often
senior junior
start finish
sweet bitter
student teacher
sugar salt
synonym antonym
solid liquid
summer winter
sunny cloudy
success failure
supporter opponent
sour sweet
son daughter
strict gentle
south north
spring autumn
stranger native
soul body
strong weak
sun moon

Antonyms Words with T

Words Antonyms
tame wild
tall short
true false
thrive fail
total part
teach learn
teacher student
then now
tomorrow yesterday
trap release
terrible wonderful
throw catch
terrible lovely
there here
thirsty hungry
tolerant intolerant
transparent opaque
tragedy comedy
thick thin
top bottom
tough easy
thin thick
town village
tie untie
total partial
tough tender
together apart
tight    loose
tiny giant

Antonyms Words with U

Words Antonyms
useless useful
unqualified qualified
unsafe safe
untouchable reachable
unduly appropriately
understand misunderstand
up down
upstairs downstairs
union separation
unease peace
ugly beautiful
under over
unity division
undying mortal
urban rural
unique common
upset stabilize
untried great
upbringing adulthood
urge deter
useful useless
unfold fold
untrue loyal
ugliness beauty
us them
uncanny natural
upside-down right-side-up
under over
untoward happy
unknown known

Antonyms Words with V

Words Antonyms
violent gentle
visitor host
viability fatality
vanish appear
vanquish conquer
victory defeat
virtue vice
vast tiny
vale hill
visible invisible
vascular avascular
vegetate activate
vast tiny
vendetta agreement
veneer show
venerable contemptible
vanish appear
vacant  occupied
virtue vice
voluntary compulsory
village town
venality integrity
veracity dishonesty
venomous harmless
vowel consonant
villain hero
vintage new
valley mountain
vertical horizontal

Antonyms Words with W

Words Antonyms
wrong perfect, correct
wild calm
wife husband
worst best, perfect
winter summer
winner loser
warranty repudiation
worse better
whiplash unlash
wedding divorce
wan colorful
water land
wry straight
weak powerful
wide narrow
wadi mountain top
women men
within outside
woof basic
wealth poverty
wunderkind butterfingers
wealthy poor
white black
whole part
war peace
warm cool
west east
wet dry
well ill
win lose

Antonyms Words with X

Words Antonyms
Xenophobic Multicultural
Xeric Hydric
Xylonic Sensitive
Xanthein Doubter
Xenogenetic Acquired
Xanthous Neutral
Xenophobia Tolerance
Xerophagies Healthy Snack
Xenial Hostile
Xerotes Waterlessness
Xanthism Monotheism
Xenic Violent
Xerotic Bland
Xanthein Pantheistic
Xanthous Neutral
Xenophobic Multicultural
Xenobiotic Eremitic
Xenophobia Tolerance
Xenogeneic Allogeneic
Xenolithic New
Xenophiles Powellise

Antonyms Words with Y

Words Antonyms
youthful experienced
yahoo derp
yowl laugh
yelp laugh
yenta pleasant woman
yuck yum
yaw adjust
yielding stubborn
yokemate bachelor
yet moreover
yowling being quiet
yank push
yokel slicker
young old
yap be quiet
yesterday tomorrow
youngling sire
yak speak concisely
yawn romantic
yack soft drink
yes no
yearlong short
yeasty spiritless
yacht patrol boat
yip conceal
yabber make it clear
yo-yo smarty pants
yakety-yak quiet
yard distribute
young old

Antonyms Words with Z

Words Antonyms
zero point all
zealotry defeatism
zilch superstar
zest dullness
zaniness sagacity
zany serious
zones wholes
zillion few
zany clever
zip slow
zaftig  thin
zealous apathetic
zip unzip
zero in digress
zigzag  straight
zealously grimly
zagged on the wagon
zeal indifference
zephyr windstorm
zombies angels
zesty insipid
zephyr windstorm
yo-yo smarty pants

Common Antonyms Used in Daily Usage

Words Antonyms
About exactly
Absence Presence
Abolish Establish
Abortive Productive
Active Lazy
Adamant Soft
Add Subtract
Admit Deny
Adult  Child
Afraid Brave
After Before
Alive Death
All None
Answer Question
Apart Together
Arrival Departure
Asleep Awake
Attack Defense
Audacity Cowardice
Base Top or Summit
Beginning End
Behind In front of
Best Worst
Bind Release
Black  White
Blunt Sharp
Bore Amuse
Boring Exciting
Bottom Top
Boy Girl
Brittle Tough
Broke Fix
Busy Idle
Came Go
Careless Careful
Cease Begin
Center Outskirts
Cheap Expensive
Clever Stupid
Closed Open
Cloudy Clear
Cold  Heat
Cool Warm
Cruel  Kind
Deep Shallow
Destructive Constructive
Dry Wet
Fancy Plain
Fat Thin
Few Many
First Last
Floor Ceiling
Fragile Tough
Friend Enemy
From To
Gain Loss
Give Take
Happy Sad
Hate Enjoy
Inside Outside
Right Wrong
Rise Fall
Summer Winter
Sunrise Sunset
Up Down
Wild Tame

Synonyms Vs Antonyms

Synonyms derive their meaning from the word “syn” which means the same whereas Antonyms derive their meaning from the word “anti” which means opposite or different.

Synonyms are the words with the same meaning whereas Antonyms are the words with different meanings.

Synonyms are used to avoid repetition in spoken and written practices.

Synonyms (For example) –

  • Bad: Terrible, horrible, awful
  • Good: Fine, great, excellent
  • Easy: simple, effortless, straightforward
  • Small: tiny, little, mini
  • Hot: Burning, fiery, boiling

Antonyms (For example) –

  • Good – Bad
  • Day – Night
  • Hard – Easy
  • Small – Big
  • Arrive – Depart

Exercise on Antonyms

Exercise#1

Read the sentences below.

There are some blanks in the below sentences, you have to write the antonyms of the underlined words.

big     tall    stop    

dirty   win   

  1. Raju has many small balls and all are in a _________ bucket.
  2. Mother keeps her house clean but her son makes it  __________.
  3. You should not be shocked to _________ as well as lost in the game.
  4. Now start your car and go but please don’t forget to ________ in the signal.
  5. My sister is short and she wants to be ______.

Answers:

  1. big
  2. dirty
  3. win
  4. stop
  5. tall

Exercise#2

Replace each highlighted word with its antonym.

  • I couldn’t stay (asleep) _________ during the movie .
  • The plane will (leave)_________ at four in the afternoon.
  • I ate my ice cream the (slowest) __________ .
  • Jessie collected the (least) __________ seashells .
  • I am (disappointed) __________ we won our first soccer game.
  • The leopard is a (tame)_________ animal .
  • The dad helped me (break) _________ my favorite toy boat.
  • She is extremely (reckless) __________ when she drives .
  • This pillow is (hard) _________ and fluffy .
  • I donated my (new) _________ clothes to charity .

Answers:

  1. awake
  2. arrive
  3. fastest
  4. most
  5. encouraged
  6. brutal
  7. fixing
  8. cautious
  9. soft
  10. old

Conclusion

Hence, we have got a basic idea about antonyms along with the definition, meaning, examples, and a list of widely used antonyms.

Any comments, please let us know.

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