What are Adverbs – Definition, Types, Examples

Let’s welcome Adverbs!

What are Adverbs – Definition, Types, Examples

Adverbs are explained along with the basic definition, meaning, explanation, a lot of examples to clear all our doubts. Let’s learn adverbs!

What is Adverb?

We will try to understand adverb with definition, meaning & example

Adverb Definition

Let’s define adverbs! An adverb is an essential component in the context of English grammar. They are mainly used in sentences to describe or change the meaning of the followings –

  • a verb,
  • adjective, or
  • another adverb, or even
  • a sentence

It’s because of the adverbs that our sentences sound so interesting and meaningful.

what are adverbs examples definition
What are adverbs examples definition

They help us add the description with a touch of detail.

Adverb Meaning

Let’s try to understand the meaning of adverbs with an example.

  • He walked across the hallway – Here, normal walking without any explanation of the type of walk or verb!
  • He walked lazily across the hallway – Here, the additional word lazily is used, which means the type of walk or verb is described.

Here comes the adverb! From the second sentence, we can understand that the adverb is ‘lazily’, which qualifies the verb ‘walk’. Here, basically, the manner of walking is presented. But this is just one of the eight types of adverbs that are there in English grammar.

Adverb Examples

Let’s try to get few more examples, to get more clarity!

  • Rahul is very short. [very describes the adjective, short]
  • The cricket match ended quickly. [Quickly describes the action verb, end]
  • Hima ate her dinner very fast. [Very fast describes another adverb, fast]
  • Mina sees many cats outside. [Outside describes the action verb, see]
  • Rohan moved quite fast in the race. [Quite describes another adverb, fast]
adverb examples meaning
Adverb examples meaning

In this post, I am going to discuss every kind of adverb along with examples. So, let’s get started.

Types of Adverbs

One of the great functions of adverbs is that they can answer various questions about the verbs, adjectives, and adverbs as well. So now, we are going to look at the eight different types of adverbs. These are:

  • Adverb of time
  • Adverb of place
  • Adverb of manner
  • Adverb of frequency
  • Adverb of degree
  • Adverbs of Confirmation and Negation
  • Adverbs of Comment
  • Adverbs of Conjunction

We will try to understand the types of adverbs along with explanations, examples.

Adverb of Time

The first type we have is the adverb of time. Let’s try to understand it with some examples.

  • E.g.: The exam dates were announced yesterday.
  • Here, if we look closely, we can find that the Adverb is ‘yesterday’, which is answering the question: When were the dates announced? ‘Announced’ is the verb in this sentence.

Let’s look at another example.

  • E.g.: She is getting married tomorrow.
  • Here the main verb is ‘married’, and the Adverb is ‘tomorrow’ since the question indicates the time as to when she is getting married.

Some other examples of Adverbs of Time are –

  • Once,
  • Never,
  • Today,
  • Tomorrow,
  • Daily,
  • Now,
  • Yet,
  • Last year etc.

Adverb of Place

The next type we have is the adverb of place. Let’s try to understand this adverb with a few examples.

  • E.g.: You can always find him standing there.
  • The Adverb in this sentence is ‘There’ since it specifies the place as to where you can always find him standing. Thus this is one of the adverbs of place. Let’s look at another example.

Another example,

  • E.g.: In spring, flowers bloom everywhere.
  • In this sentence, the verb is ‘Bloom’, and the adverb is ‘everywhere’ since it indicates the place where the flower blooms.

Some other examples of adverbs of place can be,

  • Anywhere,
  • Somewhere,
  • Near,
  • Far,
  • Above,
  • Back,
  • Away,
  • Here, etc.

Adverb of Manner

Next, we have an adverb of manner. Let’s look at a few examples to understand these adverb types better. Example-1

  • He quietly walked away.
  • Here in this sentence, the verb is ‘Walked’, and the adverb is ‘quietly’ as it indicates the manner in which he walked. Thus, the adverb of manner suggests the way the subject carries out the action. Another example can be:

Example-2

  • She walks fast.
  • Here the verb is ‘walk’, and ‘fast’ is the adverb as it shows the manner in which she walks.

These adverbs indicate the manner of the action, which makes our comprehension better. Some other such adverbs are:

  • Honestly,
  • Joyfully,
  • Cunningly,
  • Easily,
  • Carefully,
  • Quickly,
  • Efficiently, etc.

Check few worksheets for adverbs for practice.

Adverb of Frequency

Now we are going to look at the adverbs of frequency. Let’s look at a few examples of this kind. Example-1

  • He likes to play football every day.
  • In this sentence, the adverb is ‘every day’ since it is indicating the frequency and the amount of time spent on a particular activity. It’s like when you ask, how often does he play football?

Example-2

  • They do yoga every week.
  • In this sentence, the adverb is ‘every week’ as it is indicating how often they do yoga.

Since these adverbs talk about the frequency of an action, duration, and also the timing of the action that is happening/had happened/will happen. Some other examples of such adverbs are:

  • Frequently,
  • Often,
  • Yearly,
  • Briefly,
  • Usually,
  • Always,
  • Generally, etc.

Adverbs of Degree

Adverbs of degree refer to the amount of the action or a particular work. Let’s look at a few examples.

  • She almost finished the work.
  • Here, the verb is ‘Finished’, and the adverb is ‘almost’ as it is telling us the amount of work already done. This can be the answer to questions like – How much of the work is finished?

Let’s look at another example.

  • They were completely surprised by the sudden accident.
  • Here the adverb is ‘completely’ as it shows the degree to which they were surprised by the accident. This can be the answer to questions like; how much they were surprised?

So, to put it simply, the adverbs of degree are used to show the degree or the extent to which an action is done, or the action is affecting someone. Some other examples of such adverbs are:

  • Fully,
  • Partially,
  • Altogether,
  • Quite,
  • Very,
  • Just,
  • Almost, etc.

Adverbs of Confirmation and Negation

Next, we have the adverbs of confirmation and negation. Much of it can be understood by the name. But let’s look at a few examples to understand better.

  • They will certainly like this song.
  • In this sentence, the adverb is ‘certainly’, which is telling us more about the verb and qualifying it with a possibility. This makes it the answer to questions like: Will they like this song?

Let’s look at another example.

  • He never uses his car.
  • In this sentence, the adverb is the negative word ‘never’, which also negates the verb of the sentence ‘use’. If you are posing a question in denial like: Does he ever use his car? The adverb can be the answer to that.

So, these adverbs basically confirm or deny the action, and sometimes they can even reinforce the action of the verb. Some other examples of such adverbs are –

  • Definitely,
  • Absolutely,
  • Surely, etc.

Examples for Adverbs of Denial or Negation are –

  • No,
  • Don’t,
  • Can’t, etc.

Adverbs of Comment

Now, let’s look at the adverbs of comment. Usually, these adverbs can be used to make a comment on the entire phrase. They can help give some thoughts on the speaker’s viewpoint and also on the opinion shared through the sentence. It’s not just the verb that they qualify, transform or change, but it’s the whole sentence that gets influenced by them. Let’s look at a few examples:

They killed the maneater easily.

+

Unfortunately

Unfortunately, they killed the maneater easily. In this sentence, the adverb ‘unfortunately’ has influenced the action and has also changed the entire tone of the sentence. Previously, it was in a sort of passive tone, but now with the adverb of comment in place, it gives the entire phrase a negative or disappointing tone. A few other examples of this kind can be:

  • Luckily, he came back home before it started raining.
  • Fortunately, the dog did not bite the children.
  • Do you honestly expect me to go through all this for you? ( here the adverb comments on the anger of the speaker)
  • And you say they will win the match, yeah, obviously! (here the adverb can comment on the sarcastic manner)

Adverbs of Conjunction

Lastly, we are going to look at the adverbs of conjunction. These adverbs are primarily used to connect ideas or two different clauses. You can also use them to join two sentences that have cause and effect relations. To use these adverbs to join two sentences, you need to use a semicolon (;). Let’s look at a few examples:

  • Clause 1: He was going to see the doctor.
  • Clause 2: He made sure he reached the chamber on time.

He was going to see the doctor; accordingly, he made sure he reached the chamber on time. In this sentence, the adverb is ‘accordingly’. This adverb has joined the two clauses with the semicolon. It shows the relation between the two clauses. Here, ‘accordingly’ gives the meaning of, therefore, or that is why. Some other examples of this kind are:

  • However – Yet, on the other hand, in spite of, etc.
  • Consequently – As a result, resulting in, etc.
  • Moreover – Besides, in addition, etc.
  • Conversely – Opposite of, contrary to, etc.
  • Accordingly,
  • Further,
  • Additionally,
  • Hence, etc.

Position of Adverb

Just knowing the different types of adverbs is not enough; you need to know their correct position and where to place the adverbs as per the English grammar. Frankly, the adverb can be used in a number of ways. This gives you a sense of flexibility, and you can move them around quite a bit without disrupting the rules of English grammar. You can Use Adverbs normally after the verb

  • Reeya speaks loudly.
  • Mira walks carefully.

In case the sentence has an object, adverb to be placed after verb and object.

  • Mira paints the wall nicely.

You can Use Adverbs to Begin Sentences/Clauses

  • I didn’t like the tone in which she spoke to me. However, I let it go.
  • Tomorrow I am leaving for Paris.

You can Use Adverbs in the Middle of Sentences

  • Why are you always late?
  • He will probably skip today’s party.

You can Use Adverbs at the End of Sentences

  • He completed the work perfectly.
  • His stammering habit made him speak haltingly.

Remember adverb should not be placed between noun or pronoun and object. Let’s see n example.

Special Note


However, adverbs are never positioned between the verb and the object.

  • Rimi sings loudly a song. (Incorrect)
  • Rimi sings a song loudly. (Correct)

Conclusion

So, here you go – all the eight types of adverb in English grammar along with their examples. I believe, after the above discussion, you can now understand the use of adverbs better. Make sure to remember the rules of placing the adverbs, as that is absolutely essential for framing correct sentences. Should you have any further queries, feel free to mention them in the comments section, and we’ll get back to you to the best of our knowledge.

Further Study

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