What is Gender in English? Definition, Meaning, Types, Rules, Examples


In this article, we will learn the basics of gender in English, along with definition, meaning, rules, and a lot of examples.

Let’s explore!

What is Gender? Definition, Meaning

Let’s try to understand the meaning and definition of gender in English.

Gender Meaning & Examples

In our nation, various kinds of species have existed. We see a lot of people, animals, birds, fish, etc. If we observe, we understand that each category has a few types of sex, as male or female sex, etc.

  • Ram is a nice boy. Here, Ram implies a boy and boy means male.
  • Sheela is a pretty girl. Here, Sheela implies a girl, so Sheela means female

Now, these male or female means gender. Let’s see the definition!

what is gender English definition meaning types rules examples basics
What is gender English definition meaning types rules examples basics

Gender Definition

Gender is the word that belongs to the category of nouns. They tell us whether a particular noun belongs to the category of the male sex, female sex, or neither of the two mentioned categories.

Let’s see some examples of gender:

  • Boy (Masculine)
  • Girl (Feminine)
  • Parent (Common)
  • Table (Neuter)

Types of Gender

There are four commonly used types of gender which are as follows :

  • Masculine Gender
  • Feminine Gender
  • Common Gender
  • Neuter Gender

Let’s see all types of gender in brief along with examples!

Masculine Gender & Example

What is Masculine Gender?

It includes all the male sex i.e boys, men, and male animals.

masculine gender in English types examples
Masculine gender in English types examples

Masculine Gender Examples

For example:

  • The boy over there is playing cricket.
  • The horse is running fast.
  • Look at the boy’s eyes.
  • This is my husband’s first job.
  • The fox is a clever animal.
  • Karan is still a bachelor.
  • The bull is black was a very hospitable man.
  • Her father-in-law bought a dog to guard the house.
  • Our landlord requested my father to pay the rent.
  • My father will go to meet my grandmother tomorrow.
  • The count and the king were good friends.

Feminine Gender & Example

What is Feminine Gender?

It includes female sex i.e girls, women, and female animals.

feminine gender examples types
Feminine gender examples types

Feminine Gender Examples

For example :

  • The girls are dancing to English songs.
  • Look at her long and beautiful hair.
  • This is my wife’s first job.
  • We were invited to a bachelorette party.
  • The heroine of the film is so pretty.
  • She is the queen of her world.
  • My niece is 16 years old.
  • His mother-in-law bought a dog to guard the house.
  • My mother will go to meet my grandfather tomorrow.
  • The countess and the queen were good friends.
  • The gentle lady reached there to meet the nuns.
  • A nun prayed for the well-being of a widower.
  • My landlady is a very kind lady.
  • Devi knows how to overcome exam fear.

Common Gender & Example

What is Common Gender?

It includes common gender i.e both masculine and feminine. In other words, common gender can either point to the masculine or feminine.

Let’s try to understand, if you say, baby, what will be its gender? Will it be masculine or feminine? Is it possible to specify! No, you cannot!

So, here, the concept of the common gender comes into the picture. Hence, the baby is common gender.

common gender English types baby examples
Common gender English types baby examples

Let’s see other examples!

Common Gender Examples

For example:

  • Police
  • Parent
  • Child
  • Animal
  • Person
  • Sibling
  • Baby
  • Friend
  • Judge
  • Soldier
  • Writer
  • Teacher
  • Cousin
  • Artist
  • Chairperson
  • Sportsperson
  • Author
  • Manager
  • Actor
  • Musician
  • Neighbour
  • Doctor
  • Relative
  • Officer
  • Infant
  • Cook
  • Principal
  • Stranger
  • Scientist
  • Owner
  • Servant
  • Professor
  • Pilot
  • Pupil
  • Guest
  • Advisor

Common gender is also applied to animals that do not indicate their sex.

For example:

  • Animal
  • Bird
  • Cat
  • Fish
  • Lamb
  • Mouse
  • Rat
  • Ant
  • Worm
  • Frog
  • Snake
  • Sparrow
  • Elephant

Sentence examples (Highlighted words are common genders):

  • Our principal is a nice hard working man.
  • We need a great cook to cook delicious food for us.
  • We should never trust strangers.
  • My mother is a well-known scientist.
  • Salman Khan is my favorite on-screen actor.
  • I wish to be a musician.
  • Preeti is my best friend.
  • The baby is playing with his toys.
  • Premchand was a great writer.
  • I have three siblings.
  • Everyone must obey their parents.
  • Rohan is my best friend.
  • The supreme court’s judge has the supreme power.
  • The owner of this house has been missing for two days.

Neuter Gender & Example 

What is Neuter Gender?

A lifeless thing is included in the category of neuter gender.

neuter gender English types
Neuter gender English types

Neuter Gender Examples

For example:

  • Hat
  • House
  • Pencil
  • Pen
  • Car
  • Bus
  • Motorcycle
  • Books
  • Novels
  • Speaker
  • Trees
  • Computer
  • Television
  • Newspaper
  • Radio
  • Vocabulary
  • Building
  • Lake
  • Box
  • Street
  • Branch
  • Ocean
  • Words
  • Aerodrome
  • Pump
  • Train
  • School
  • University
  • Bus stand

Sentence examples:

  • I like his hat.
  • I studied at Silver Spot Convent School.
  • We reached Delhi via train.
  • Ludhiana has a big crowded bus stand.
  • Our eyes get affected by watching too much
  • My house lies west of the city.
  • I love to read books.
  • My college comes under Punjab Technical University.
  • This pen writes well.
  • Please attach the speaker to my phone.
  • We should grow more and more trees.

List of Gender

  • Actor  =  Actress
  • Author  Authoress
  • Bachelor = Bachelorette
  • Boy = Girl
  • Brother = Sister
  • Father = Mother
  • Hero = Heroine
  • Husband = Wife
  • King = Queen
  • Nephew = Niece
  • Boyfriend = Girlfriend
  • Abbot = Abbess
  • Bachelor = Spinster
  • Baron : Baroness
  • Benefactor = Benefactress
  • Bridegroom = Bride
  • Bull = Cow
  • Bull = Calf
  • Conductor = Conductress
  • Count = Countess
  • Czar = Czarina
  • Dad = Mum
  • Daddy = Mummy
  • Drake = Duck
  • Drone = Bee
  • Duke = Duchess
  • Emperor = Empress
  • Enchanter = Enchantress
  • Father = Mother
  • Gander = Goose
  • Gentleman = Lady
  • Giant = Giantess
  • God = Goddess
  • Leopard = Leopardess
  • Signor = Signora
  • Sir = Madam
  • Son = Daughter
  • Stag = Hind
  • Songster = Songstress
  • Steward = Stewardess
  • Sultan = Sultana
  • Tempter = Temptress
  • Tiger = Tigress
  • Traitor = Traitess
  • Uncle = Aunt
  • Viscount = Viscountess
  • Waiter = Waitress
  • Wizard = Witch
  • Cat = Queen
  • Rat = Does
  • Raccoon = Sow
  • Chipmunk = Does
  • Fish = Female Fish
  • Kangaroo = Flyer
  • Koala = Doe
  • Wombat = Jill
  • Monkey = Female monkey
  • Gorilla = Female
  • Hedgehog = Sows
  • Cattle = Cow
  • Turtle = Female Turtle
  • Bullock = Heifer
  • Colt = Filly
  • Drake = Duck
  • Billy-Goat = Nanny-Goat
  • Heir = Heiress
  • Jew = Jewess
  • Manager = Manageress
  • Patron = Patroness
  • Priest = Priestess
  • Baron = Baroness
  • Giant = Giantess
  • Host = Hostess
  • Lion = Lioness
  • Mayor = Mayoress
  • Poet = Poetess
  • Shepherd = Shepherdess
  • Rooster = Hen
  • Boar = Sow
  • Tom = Queen
  • Buck = Doe
  • Jack = Jennet
  • Todd = Vixen
  • The-Most = She-Goat
  • Gander = Goose
  • John = Molly
  • Ram = Ewe
  • Cob = Pen
  • He-Wolf = She-Wolf
  • Stallion = Mare
  • Heifer = Cow
  • Male = Female
  • Buck = Jill
  • Buck = Doe
  • Lord = Lady
  • Monk = Nun
  • Hart = Roe
  • Wizard = Witch
  • English Man = English Woman
  • He-Mule = She-Mule
  • Salesman = Salesgirl
  • Tutor = Governess
  • Maternal-Uncle = Maternal-Aunt
  • Step-Down = Step-Daughter
  • Hostess = Steward
  • Widow = Widower
  • Brother-in-law = Sister-in-law
  • Son-in-law = Daughter-in-law
  • Hunter = Huntress
  • Tempter = Temptress
  • Master = Mistress
  • Enchanter = Enchantress
  • Sultan = Sultana
  • Manservant = Maidservant
  • Founder = Foundress
  • Czar = Czarina
  • Signor = Signora
  • Traitor = Traitess
  • Prophet = Prophetess
  • Host = Hostess
  • Steward = Stewardess
  • Peer = Peeres
  • Negro = Negress
  • Emperor = Empress
  • Benefactor = Benefactress
  • He = She
  • Lad = Lass
  • Maternal-Uncle = Maternal-Aunt
  • Giant = Giantess
  • Prince = Princess
  • Police man = Police woman
  • Preceptor = Preceptress
  • Grandfather = Grandmother
  • Bar-man = Bar-maid
  • Dairy-man = Dairy-maid
  • Washer-man = Washer-woman
  • Jack-ass = She-ass
  • Postman = Postwoman

Rules of Gender Change

There are the following different ways to change gender:

Gender Rule-1 

We can change from masculine gender to feminine by adding a suitable suffix.

For example:

  • Author = Authoress
  • Conductor = Conductress
  • Lion = Lioness
  • Heir = Heiress
  • Count = Countess

Gender Rule-2 

We can change words from feminine gender by adding- “ess” with some changes to the masculine gender.

For example:

  • Waiter = Waitress
  • Duke = Duchess
  • Baron = Baroness
  • Peer = Peers
  • Viscount = Viscountess

Gender Rule-3

We can change some masculine words entirely to form a new feminine word.

For example:

  • Boy = Girl
  • Brother = Sister
  • Father = Mother
  • Dad = Mom

Gender Rule-2 

We can change some masculine words when masculine words change their parties to become feminine words.

For example:

  • Landlord = Landlady
  • Milkman = Milkmaid
  • Man-servant = Maid-servant
  • Washer-man = Washer-woman
  • Grand-father = Grand-mother

Look at the following Examples for a better understanding!

Gender Rules

Rule#1 By Using entirely different words

  • Bachelor = Spinster
  • Hart = Roe
  • Horse = Mare
  • Husband = Wife
  • Boy = Girl
  • Brother = Sister
  • Bull = Cow
  • Bullock = Heifer
  • Boar = Sow
  • Colt = Filly
  • Drone = Bee
  • Father = Mother
  • Fox = Vixen
  • Gentleman = Lady
  • Gander = Goose
  • King = Queen
  • Buck = Doe
  • Lord = Lady
  • Man = Woman
  • Monk = Nun
  • Nephew = Niece
  • Wizard = Witch
  • Uncle = Aunt
  • Papa = Mamma, Mama
  • Sir = Madam
  • Son = Daughter

Rule#2 By changing prefix of the masculine word

For example:

  • Bull-calf = Cow-calf
  • He-goat = She-goat
  • He-bear = She-bear
  • Man-servant = Maid-servant
  • Jack-ass = She-ass

Rule#3 By changing suffix of the masculine word

For example:

  • Grand-father = Grand-mother
  • Bar-man = Bar-maid
  • Land-lord = Land-lady
  • Dairy-man = Dairy-maid
  • Milk-man = Milk-maid
  • Washer-man = Washer-woman

Rule#4 By adding “ess” to the masculine without any change in the masculine.

For example:

  • Author = Authoress
  • Baron = Baroness
  • Count = Countess
  • Giant = Giantess
  • Heir = Heiress
  • Host = Hostess
  • Jew = Jewess
  • Lion = Lioness
  • Mayor = Mayoress
  • Peer = Peeress
  • Poet = Poetess
  • Priest = Priestess
  • Prince = Princess
  • Shepherd = Shepherdess
  • Steward = Stewardess
  • Viscount = Viscountess

Rule#5 By  dropping the last vowel of the masculine word

For example:

  • Actor = Actress
  • Benefactor = Benefactress
  • Director = Directress
  • Enchanter = Enchantress
  • Hunter = Huntress
  • Instructor = Instructress
  • Inspector = Inspectress
  • Negro = Negress
  • Porter = Portress
  • Proprietor = Proprietress
  • Songster = Songstress
  • Traitor = Traitress
  • Waiter = Waitress

Rule#6 By doing it in an irregular way

For example:

  • Duke = Duchess
  • Emperor = Empress
  • God = Goddess
  • Governor = Governess
  • Lad = Lass
  • Master = Mistress
  • Master = Miss
  • = Mrs.
  • Marquis = Marchioness
  • Murderer = Murderess
  • Sorcerer = Sorceress
  • Friar = Nun

Exception to Gender Rules

Some exceptions

For example:

  • Bridegroom = Bride
  • Fox = Vixen
  • Hero = Heroine
  • Viceroy = Vicereine
  • His = Her
  • He = She
  • Him = Her
  • Jack = Jenny
  • Billy = Nanny
  • Widower = Widow

From foreign languages

For example:

  • Beau = Belle
  • Czar = Czarina
  • Executor = Executrix
  • Proprietor = Proprietrix
  • Signor = Signora
  • Sultan = Sultana

Conclusion

Hence, we have got a basic idea about gender along with the definition, meaning, examples, rules, etc. Any doubt, please let us know!

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