What are Intransitive Verbs? Definition, Meaning, Sentence Examples, List

Let’s explore Intransitive Verbs!

What are Intransitive Verbs? Definition, Meaning, Sentence Examples, List

What are Intransitive verbs? Any idea! In this article, we will learn the definition, types, meaning, examples, list, etc.

Let’s explore the intransitive verb!

What are Intransitive Verbs? Definition & Meaning

Let’s learn the basics of intransitive verbs! We have already learned transitive verbs in our last article which reflects that a sentence may have one or sometimes more than one object. These intransitive verbs are opposite to the transitive verbs, so it means here the verbs will not take any direct objects!

Let’s get into the definition of an intransitive verb!

Intransitive Verbs Definition

The type of verbs that don’t take a direct object are called intransitive verbs. They only contain a subject.

For example:

  • The boy laughed loudly.
  • Everyone voted.
  • He walks for miles.
what intransitive verbs definition meaning sentence examples list basics
What are intransitive verbs? Definition meaning sentence examples list basics

Intransitive Verbs Meaning

Let’s try to understand the meaning of intransitive verbs with a simple example!

Example:

The girl laughed.

Meaning:

Here, laugh is the verb. In this example, there is no object. So, this verb ‘laugh’ don’t take a direct object, hence, ‘laugh’ is an example of an intransitive verb!

Let’s see few more examples of intransitive verbs, as follows

For example

  • Rehan plays.
  • Minu reads.
  • Water flows.

As we have learned that, there should not be any direct object, let’s try to get a basic idea about it.

Intransitive Verbs – Direct Object Concept 

Concept of direct object

We are saying that intransitive verbs don’t take a direct object. Look at the following examples below for deeper understanding-

  • The boy laughed.

(Here in the above sentence, “laughed” is an intransitive verb because it does not take any direct object. In other words, it means you can not laugh at something.)

  • Ram cracked a joke.

(Here “cracked” is a transitive verb that takes a direct object “joke”.)

How to determine the direct object?

When you are reading a  verb, ask it a question: “what?” Or “whom?”. Then if you find some answer, that means there is a direct object present in the sentence and it’s a transitive verb. If you don’t find the answer, then that’s an intransitive verb.

For example:

  • Ram coughed all day.

(Here “coughed” is an intransitive verb. It doesn’t contain any direct object).

  • Rohan read a comic book.

( Here “read” is a transitive verb because it takes “comic book” as a direct object).

Examples of Intransitive Verbs

  • Ram sang loudly.
  • Rohan dances.
  • We played on the ground.
  • Everyone voted.
  • Preeti walks for miles every day.
  • Rohan eats in the kitchen.
  • It rained heavily.
  • Rivers flow.
  • He sneezed.
  • They talked all night.
  • My phone ranged loudly.
  • The author writes well.
  • It is raining.

List of Intransitive Verbs

  • Agree
  • Appear
  • Arrive
  • Become
  • Belong
  • Collapse
  • Collide
  • Consist
  • Cost
  • Cough
  • Cry
  • Depend
  • Die
  • Disappear
  • Emerge
  • Exist
  • Explode
  • Fade
  • Fall
  • Fast
  • Float
  • Fly
  • Gallop
  • Go
  • Grow
  • Happen
  • Have
  • Hiccup / hic-cough
  • Inquire
  • Jump
  • Kneel
  • Knock (sound)
  • Last (endure)
  • Laugh
  • Lead
  • Lean
  • Leap
  • Learn
  • Left
  • Lie (recline or tell an untruth)
  • Limp
  • Listen
  • Live
  • Look
  • March
  • Mourn
  • Move
  • Nest
  • Occur
  • Panic
  • Party
  • Pause
  • Peep
  • Pose
  • Pounce
  • Pout
  • Pray
  • Preen
  • Read
  • Recline
  • Relax
  • Relent
  • Remain
  • Respond
  • Result
  • Revolt
  • Rise
  • Roll
  • Roost
  • Run
  • Rush
  • Sail
  • Scream
  • Shake
  • Shout
  • Sigh
  • Sit
  • Skip
  • Sleep
  • Slide
  • Smell
  • Smile
  • Snarl
  • Sneeze
  • Soak
  • Spin
  • Spit
  • Sprint
  • Squeak
  • Stagger
  • Stand
  • Stay
  • Swim
  • Swing
  • Twist
  • Vanish
  • Vomit
  • Wade
  • Wait
  • Wake
  • Walk
  • Wander
  • Wave
  • Whirl
  • Wiggle
  • Work
  • Yell

Intransitive Verbs in Passive Form

Intransitive Verbs are never in passive form

The intransitive verbs can never be changed into passive voice. This is due to the reason that passive voice always needs an object and intransitive verbs don’t contain any object.

For example:

  • She fell.

( Here “fell” is an intransitive verb.)

  • She had fallen.

(Hereby changing the above sentence into a passive sentence, the sentence becomes wrong.)

Check out few nice intransitive verb worksheets for practice.

Practise Exercises for Intransitive Verbs

Practice Exercise No.1

Write below whether the given verbs in the sentences are Transitive or Intransitive verbs.

  • The boy arrived.
  • The player threw the ball.
  • The chorus rang.
  • The defence held.
  • The man sat.
  • The play surprised the opposite team.
  • The happy cheerleaders yelled.
  • The quarterback threw the football.
  • Emily saw the show last night.
  • The manager gave me a refund.
  • The king sat at the end of the table.
  • John finished his project on time.
  • We paid the worker for the job.
  • The flag flew in the wind.

Practise Exercise No.2

Identify whether the following sentences contain transitive verbs or intransitive verbs.

  • I opened the door for my mom.
  • I never sleep in class.
  • I bought some books.
  • He put on his raincoat because it was raining.
  • I bought a bicycle yesterday.
  • The bus stopped suddenly.
  • John studies in the morning.
  • When we arrived, nobody was there to greet us.
  • She reads books to fall asleep.
  • My dog barks a lot.
  • Rohan runs fast.
  • She writes letters to her friends.
  • The children kicked the ball.
  • The museum has many famous paintings.

Practise Exercise No.3

From the given below sentences, find out the intransitive and transitive verbs.

  • Oscar takes his dog for a walk daily.
  • Rohan left his book on the table.
  • John walked into the wrong place.
  • After the party was over, Rohan left.
  • Can you make tea for me, please?
  • Water boils at 100°C.
  • We will continue the discussion after the break.
  • The class usually finishes at 8 am.
  • Stephan grows oranges on his farm.
  • The population has grown in the last decades.
  • The class will continue after the break.
  • Hopefully, students will return in June.
  • Hari passed the salt.
  • I ate pasta.
  • The evidence was hidden.
  • Birds fly.
  • I didn’t eat yesterday.
  • Raghu wrote an essay.
  • She realized the truth.
  • I dressed nicely.
  • Johan and Max don’t like math.
  • He wasn’t listening to me.
  • I like her.
  • Are you John?
  • Run fast or you should lose.
  • Slow and steady wins the game.

Further Study

Refer to our few interesting   articles,

    Phone No

    +968 9719 5753

    Address

    Kolkata
    West Bengal, India

    You cannot copy content of this page