Let’s learn the basics of intransitive verbs! We have already learned transitive verbs in our last article which reflects that a sentence may have one or sometimes more than one object. These intransitive verbs are opposite to the transitive verbs, so it means here the verbs will not take any direct objects!
Let’s get into the definition of an intransitive verb!
Intransitive Verbs Definition
The type of verbs that don’t take a direct object are called intransitive verbs. They only contain a subject.
The boy laughed loudly.
He walks for miles.
Intransitive Verbs Meaning
Let’s try to understand the meaning of intransitive verbs with a simple example!
The girl laughed.
Here, laugh is the verb. In this example, there is no object. So, this verb ‘laugh’ don’t take a direct object, hence, ‘laugh’ is an example of an intransitive verb!
Let’s see few more examples of intransitive verbs, as follows
As we have learned that, there should not be any direct object, let’s try to get a basic idea about it.
Intransitive Verbs – Direct Object Concept
Concept of direct object
We are saying that intransitive verbs don’t take a direct object. Look at the following examples below for deeper understanding-
The boy laughed.
(Here in the above sentence, “laughed” is an intransitive verb because it does not take any direct object. In other words, it means you can not laugh at something.)
Ram cracked a joke.
(Here “cracked” is a transitive verb that takes a direct object “joke”.)
How to determine the direct object?
When you are reading a verb, ask it a question: “what?” Or “whom?”. Then if you find some answer, that means there is a direct object present in the sentence and it’s a transitive verb. If you don’t find the answer, then that’s an intransitive verb.
Ram coughed all day.
(Here “coughed” is an intransitive verb. It doesn’t contain any direct object).
Rohan read a comic book.
( Here “read” is a transitive verb because it takes “comic book” as a direct object).
Examples of Intransitive Verbs
Ram sang loudly.
We played on the ground.
Preeti walks for miles every day.
Rohan eats in the kitchen.
It rained heavily.
They talked all night.
My phone ranged loudly.
The author writes well.
It is raining.
List of Intransitive Verbs
Hiccup / hic-cough
Lie (recline or tell an untruth)
Intransitive Verbs in Passive Form
Intransitive Verbs are never in passive form
The intransitive verbs can never be changed into passive voice. This is due to the reason that passive voice always needs an object and intransitive verbs don’t contain any object.
( Here “fell” is an intransitive verb.)
She had fallen.
(Hereby changing the above sentence into a passive sentence, the sentence becomes wrong.)