What is Subject and Predicate with Examples

What is subject and predicate with examples are explained including basic concept, clear explanation, understanding, etc. Let’s explore the subject and predicate!

Subject and Predicate with Examples

Let’s try to understand the basics of the subject and predicate with examples.

Subject and Predicate Basics

Can you imagine how many sentences you write every day? I am talking about everything from emails, office works to chats you do from instant messaging apps and social media.

  • But have you ever wondered about the construction of the sentences you write?
  • Or, how quickly you have made a sentence for your friends, families?

Well, most of us don’t even consider the different elements that exist in a single sentence. Did you know that the article you use after the verb can also be called attribute? Just like this, most of us are unaware and confused about the definition of subject and predicate of a sentence.

what is subject and predicate with examples
What is subject and predicate with examples

Believe it or not but knowing this definition is very important.

  • This will help you come up with better expressions and
  • even help you a lot if you are preparing for some competitive exams.
  • But in general, it will help you master the English language better.

Subject and Predicate Examples & Explanation

So, what is a subject, and what is a predicate? Well, on the surface, the subject of a sentence is the one who carries out the action. The sentence is actually about the subject itself. For example, Rahul sings well. Here, Rahul is the person who carries out the action. Hence, Rahul is the Subject.

So, what about the predicate? The predicate is the part that tells us more about the subject. It can contain a clause that will give us more details about the action performed by the subject. For example, Rahul sings well. Here, how do we find out the subject and predicate?

  • Ask who sings well? – ans: Rahul. Hence, ‘Rahul’‘ is the subject here.
  • Ask what is the subject doing? – ans: Sings well. Hence, ‘sings well‘ is the predicate.
subject and predicate with examples
Subject and predicate with examples

Hence, ‘Rahul’ is the subject, and ‘Sings well’ is Predicate.

See a few examples for a better understanding –

Rohansings well
Meerareads daily
Leenawrites nice content every day
The boyplays football every day

Sounds simple? Well, there are other aspects as well. Read on, as in this post; I will be discussing the definition, examples, and the intermediate difference between subject and predicate. Let’s get started.

First, we need to know what a subject in the English language is. Understanding the difference between Subject and Predicate is important if the candidates preparing for competitive exams are willing to score good marks in the General English section of the exam.

Essentially, subject and predicate are words or groups of words, which are defined and identified by grammar. Using the simplest case, where there are two words in the sentence, for example,

  • Fish Swim
  • Owls fly

the subject is the noun and the predicate is the verb. Very few sentences are so simple, but an indicative sentence with just one noun and one verb remains a good paradigm for the grammatical categories of subject and predicate because we can see in it the form of the sentence stripped down to its essentials: If either of the two words were omitted, we would no longer have an indicative sentence.

Furthermore, very many sentences of English, as well as of other familiar European languages, break neatly and obviously into two parts corresponding to the noun and the verb in the paradigm, and modern linguistic analysis of sentence syntax generally begins by viewing a sentence as a noun phrase plus a verb phrase

What is Subject and Predicate?

What is Subject?

The subject is the part of the sentence that tells us about whom the sentence is composed. For certain sentences, the subject stays invisible.

  • The subject is also the person who is performing the action in the sentence.
  • Nouns or pronouns are used as subjects.

What is Predicate?

The predicate is the part of the sentence that tells us more about the subject and the action he/she/it is performing in the sentence.

  • It gives us all the information required to understand the subject.
  • It contains a verb to specify the action done by the subject.

The subject-predicate sentence is one of the most common forms of sentence in English and many other languages, with idiomatic expressions for commands, requests, salutations, and so on being common examples. In typical subject-predicate usage, however, these other forms of sentence are assumed to be lacking the “expressed subject” or some other element. The idea of saving appearances in this way used to appear reasonable since subject and predicate appeared to be universal categories

There are two parts to every complete sentence: a subject and a predicate. Subject and predicate are not the same thing. The subject tells us something about the predicate. Predicate and subject are separated by braces ([]) in the following sentences.

Johan {runs}.

Johan and her dog {run on the beach every afternoon }.

To determine the subject of a sentence, first isolate the verb and then make a question by placing “who?” or “what?” before it — the answer is the subject.

The audience littered the theatre floor with torn wrappings and spilled popcorn.

The verb in the above sentence is “littered.” Who or what littered? The audience did. “The audience” is the subject of the sentence. The predicate (which always includes the verb) goes on to relate something about the subject: what about the audience? It “littered the theatre floor with torn wrappings and spilled popcorn.”

What Does The Subject and Predicate Contain?

The subject and predicate not only look different but contain different elements as well. While the subject can only have an object, it is to say; it can only be a noun or a pronoun, the predicate can be a bit more diverse. It is in the predicate part; one can see the verb and the rest of the clause that tells us more about the action as well as about the subject. Check a NICE ANIMATED VIDEO from Periwinkle,

Types of Subject and Predicate

Type of Subject

Much like other elements of grammar, subjects can also be divided into three types. They are:

  • Simple Subject (has only subject)
  • Complete Subject (has subject with a modifier)
  • Compound Subject (has two or more subjects joined with conjunction)

Let’s look at a few examples to understand their characteristics better:

  • John is playing the guitar and singing at the party. (Simple Subject)
  • The old man took a deep breath and then started the story. (Complete subject)
  • Cricket and Football are my favorite sports. (Compound subjects)

Types of Predicate

  • Simple Predicate (only verb)
  • Complete Predicate (verbs with a modifier)
  • Compound Predicate (two or more verbs with conjunction)

Let’s look at a few examples to understand their characteristics better:

  • The dog is running through the empty field. (Simple Predicate)
  • John and his sister Suzanne never wanted costly gifts but preferred simple things. (Complete Predicate)
  • I love the way he plays the guitar, but his singing makes my ears bleed. (Compound Predicate)

If you look at the examples above, you can understand how the subjects are changing based on their type, and they take on different grammatical elements. Similarly, the predicates are also changing as per their type and using other grammatical elements like the conjunctions and adjectives to form the expression.

Unusual Sentences for Subject and Predicate

Imperative sentences (sentences that give a command or an order) differ from conventional sentences in that their subject, which is always “you,” is understood rather than expressed. Stand on your hand. (“You” is understood before “stand.”)

Be careful with sentences that begin with “there” plus a form of the verb “to be.” In such sentences, “there” is not the subject; it merely signals that the true subject will soon follow. There were three stray dogs cowering under our house steps this evening. If you ask who? or what? before the verb (“were cowering”), the answer is “three stray dogs,” the correct subject.

Simple Subject and Simple Predicate

noun or pronoun (or more) that, when stripped of all the words that modify it, is known as the simple subject. Consider the following example:

A piece of pepperoni pizza would satisfy his hunger.

The subject is built around the noun “piece,” with the other words of the subject — “a” and “of pepperoni pizza” — modifying the noun. “Piece” is a simple subject.

Likewise, a predicate has at its center a simple predicate, which is always the verb or verbs that link up with the subject. In the example we just considered, the simple predicate is “would satisfy” — in other words, the verb of the sentence.

A sentence may have a compound subject — a simple subject consisting of more than one noun or pronoun — as in these examples:

Team pennants, rock posters, and family photographs covered the boy’s bedroom walls.

Her uncle and she walked slowly through the Inuit art gallery and admired the powerful sculptures exhibited there.

The second sentence above features a compound predicate, a predicate that includes more than one verb pertaining to the same subject (in this case, “walked” and “admired”).

Subject and Predicate Examples

Now, let’s look at a few other examples of both subject and predicate. Please look at the examples carefully and refer back to the definition you have learned. Try and locate the subject and predicate in the sentences.

Subject Examples

  • Shawn and his brother Jacob always wanted to go fishing during every summer vacation.
  • The strong and muscular woman beat all four of the goons single-handedly.
  • Look, there goes the girl in that same red dress who was there at the party that day.
  • She designed this stunning website when she was only 10.
  • After getting heavily drenched in the rain, John decided to see a doctor.
  • He was doing his household chores when I called him.

Predicate Examples

  • Nikita and her mother wanted to go shopping on Sunday.
  • The man in a grey trench coat turned out to be the murderer.
  • After it rained heavily in the morning, they decided to postpone the party.
  • Shut your mouth! (Invisible subject)

You can try for Subject and predicate worksheets as well.

Comparison Subject vs Predicate

Let’s see the comparison or differences between subject and predicate in a tabulated form,

Part of the sentence, one who carries out the actionPart of the sentence, that tells us more about the subject
Refers noun, pronounIt has a verb so that it will imply the activity of noun or pronoun
Type of Subject
Simple Subject (has only subject)
Complete Subject (subject plus modifier)
Compound Subject (has two or more subjects joined with conjunction) 
Rohan is singing a nice song. (Simple Subject)
Rina and her friends attend a seminar. (Complete subject)
Hina and Meera are my best friends. (Compound subjects)
Types of Predicate
Simple Predicate (only verb)
Complete Predicate (verbs with a modifier)
Compound Predicate (two or more verbs with conjunction)
Rohan is singing a nice song. (Simple Predicate)
Beauty and her mother are always happy with their beautiful garden. (complete Predicate)
Hiran loves traveling but not at the seaside. (Compound Predicate)
Subject examples
Jishan writes a nice story.
The beautiful baby walking in the garden.
Based on the weather condition, Ritu decided to visit Switzerland.
Predicate examples
Jishan writes a nice story.
The beautiful baby walking in the garden. 
Based on the weather condition, Ritudecided to visit Switzerland.  

Why Do You Need To Practice Subject and Predicate?

As mentioned earlier, understanding the concept of subject and predicate is very important. This will help you understand the different grammatical elements better. Once you have a clear understanding of the subject and predicate, your expressions will be much more precise, and it will help you with other concepts as well, like subject-verb agreement.

Keeping in mind the differences between subject and predicate is very important. I believe the above discussion will help you comprehend the difference easily.

  • Always remember that there is no alternative to reading and studying. So, the more you will study, the more you would understand.
  • Read the sentences carefully you are reading in a book or a newspaper and refer to the information you learned here.
  • The idea is very simple; all you need to do is read a sentence and try to identify the subject and predicate of the sentence and why. Able to explain your choice is very important in this case.
  • With regular practice, mastering the concept will just be a matter of time.


Should you have any further queries regarding this topic, then feel free to mention them in the comments section, and we will surely get back to you to the best of our knowledge.

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